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Lesson Transcript

Jessi: Hello, and welcome to Hebrew Survival Phrases, brought to you by HebrewPod101.com. This course is designed to equip you with the language skills and knowledge to enable you to get the most out of your visit to Israel. You'll be surprised at how far a little Hebrew will go. Now, before we jump in, remember to stop by HebrewPod101.com and there you'll find the accompanying PDF and additional info in the post. If you stop by, be sure to leave us a comment!
Survival Phrases lesson 54 - The Weather
Whether or not the weather will cooperate is an important issue on which many plans are made and canceled. It can happen sometimes that you are planning a long trip and you want to be sure that your walks and your tours around Israeli cities will be safe and dry! In this lesson, we will cover a phrase that will help you finalize your plans if they depend on the weather.
In Hebrew, "what will the weather be tomorrow?" is Ma ihiye mezeg ha'avir machar? Let’s break it down by syllable, Ma ihiye mezeg ha'avir machar? Now, let’s hear it once again, Ma ihiye mezeg ha'avir machar? The first word Ma means, "what." Let’s hear this word one more time, Ma. Then we have the word ihiye, which in English means "will be." Let’s hear this word one more time, ihiye. Next, we have the words Mezeg ha'avir, which in English is "weather." Finally, we have Machar, which means, "tomorrow." Let’s break it down by syllable and hear it one more time, Machar. All together, we have Ma ihiye mezeg ha'avir machar? Literally, this means, "What will the weather be tomorrow?"
Let's go over the possible answers. In Hebrew, "It will rain" is ihiye gashum, Let’s break it down by syllable, ihiye gashum. Now, hear it one more time, ihiye gashum. It will be sunny" is ihiye shemesh, Let’s break it down by syllable, ihiye shemesh. Now, let’s hear it once again, ihiye shemesh. The first word ihiye means, "it will be." Let’s hear it one more time, ihiye. Finally, we have Shemesh, which is the Hebrew word for "sunny." All together, we have ihiye shemeshi, which literally means "It will be sunny."
In case you're somewhere where the weather can change very quickly, you can ask, "What will the weather be today?" Ma ihiye mezeg ha'avir hayom? Let’s break it down by syllable, Ma ihiye mezeg ha'avir hayom? Now, let’s hear it once again, Ma ihiye mezeg ha'avir hayom? As you can see, we have the same pattern of the phrase we have previously seen. Ma ihiye mezeg ha'avir? Literally, this means, "What will the weather be?" Then we have Hayom "today" in place of Machar "tomorrow". Let’s break this word down and hear it one more time, Hayom. All together, we have Ma ihiye mezeg ha'avir hayom? This literally means, "What will the weather be today?"
Ok, to close out today's lessons, we would like you to practice what you have just learned. I’ll provide you with the English equivalent of the phrase and you’re responsible for shouting it out loud. You’ll have a few seconds before I give you the answer, so Behatzlacha! which means “Good luck!” in Hebrew.
“What will the weather be tomorrow?” - Ma ihiye mezeg ha’avir machar?
“It will rainy.” - Ihiye gashum.
“It will be sunny.” - Ihiye shemesh.
Jessi: Alright! That's going to do it for today. Remember to stop by HebrewPod101.com and pick up the accompanying PDF. If you stop by, be sure to leave us a comment!

10 Comments

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HebrewPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 06:30 PM
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Hi listeners, what the weather will be like tomorrow in where you are living? Will it rain? Will it be sunny? or Will it be windy? Challenge yourself by telling us in Hebrew!

HebrewPod101.com
Monday at 02:40 AM
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Hi Kris,


Thanks for posting!


shemesh / shimshi - correct 👍

ihiye shemesh* / ihiye Shimshi - correct 👍

geshem / gashum - correct 👍

ihiye geshem / ihiye gashum. correct 👍


There's no verb as "windy" in Hebrew.. we simply say "winds will blow" (ינשבו רוחות) or "stormy" (so'er - סוער).


*Interestingly - shemesh and ru'akh belong to a small group of Hebrew words that are both feminine and masculine. So one could translate the phrase "the wind is blowing" either as "הרוח נושבת" or as "הרוח נושב".


That said, the feminine form is generally preferred nowadays for both...


"ha'geshem yored be'tel-aviv" is correct 👍


Please let us know if something isn't clear, and keep up the great work!


Best,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

kris
Wednesday at 01:30 AM
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Shalom

I'd like to recap to make sure i've got it.

Sun: shemesh ; Sunny: shimshi (or shemeshi?)

There will be sun: ihiye shemesh . It will be sunny: ihiye Shimshi

Rain: geshem ; rainy: gashum

There will be rain: ihiye geshem . It will be rainy: ihiye gashum.

Wind: ru'akh . Is there a word for windy??

There will be wind: ihiye ru'akh.


Another question: It rains in Tel-Aviv: yored geshem be'tel-aviv. Could one also say: ha'geshem yored be'tel-aviv????


Toda raba


Kris

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Friday at 09:36 PM
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Hi Shelley Lynn,


I will try to find it. Thank you for your attention to the small-but-important details :wink:


Sincerely,

Yaara

Team HebrewPod101.com

Shelley Lynn
Sunday at 11:01 AM
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I believe I saw ha mezeg ha avir in one of the videos. The hot weather pattern different from food was spoken in the absolute beginner series about hot tasting foods- maybe in the 25 questions-perhaps in is this food tasty. Sorry I can't be more specific.

Sorry,you were right, I did have acharon in both of my sentences. I think I understand the use of "the" now. Thank you for your continued help, Yaara.

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 10:29 AM
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Hi Shelley Lynn,


The only right form is mezeg ha'avir (or just mezeg avir, if you are not talking about a specific one). Can you tell me where you saw "ha mezeg haavir"? this is a mistake and we will fix it. "Mezeg avir" is a construct state - "Smichut". This is a construct that combines two nouns to create a third noun, for example:

מזג (temper) + אוויר (air) = מזג אוויר (weather)

בקבוק (bottle) + מים (water) = בקבוק מים (bottle of water)

בית (home) + ספר (book) = בית ספר (school)

When you are talking about a specific one (weather, school etc.) you will add the "ha" ("the") to the second word of the Smichut. This is a complicated subject and you will learn more about it in the future.

About your Hebrew sentence - I wrote "ha'acharon" since you had "acharon" in both your English and Hebrew sentences, it was just missing the "the" - "ha". When you add an adjective to a word, and you put "the" before the word, the adjective has to get a "the" as well.

About the difference between describing food and weather - can you tell me the exact lesson it was on? I couldn't find it. Thank you!


Sincerely,

Yaara

Team HebrewPod101.com

Shelley Lynn
Monday at 12:04 AM
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Thank you, Yaara, I'm a bit confused when to use "h" or the. Sometimes I saw mezeg haavir and sometimes it's written ha mezeg haavir. What is the difference. At the end of my Hebrew sentence below, you wrote haacharon for the last and I didn't have it in my English translated sentence.

Also in the section about food being tasty, the speaker said that you do not write it's hot or it's cold for weather in the same pattern as food ( it wasn't clarified in the notes) and I did not find the pattern in this section. What did he mean? Thank you.

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 06:57 PM
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Hi Shelley Lynn,


Thank you for posting.

You are right - in audio the speaker says shemesh (sun), and in the lesson matterials the word is shimshi (sunny). The windy line is: מחר יהיה רוח - machar ihiye ruach.


Today is cloudy with wind. Tomorrow will be rain and very windy. The weather will not be sunny. What will be the weather on the coming Monday? What was the weather last Monday?

היום מעונן עם רוח. מחר יהיה גשם וסוער מאוד. מזג האויר לא יהיה שמשי. מה יהיה מזג האויר ביום שני הבא? מה היה מזג האויר

?ביום שני האחרון

Very well done!


Sincerely,

Yaara

Team HebrewPod101.com

Shelley Lynn
Saturday at 05:08 AM
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Team, please note that in the line by line audio the speaker says shemesh, but you have shmshi written. Also it would be nice to have the windy line written as it is in the notes. Thank you.

Shelley Lynn
Saturday at 05:05 AM
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היום מעונן עם רוח. מחר יהיה גשם וסוער מאוד. המזג האויר לא יהיה שמשי. מה יהיה המזג האויר ביום שני הבאה? מה היתה המזג האויר

ביום שני אחרון Today is cloudy with wind. Tomorrow will be rain and very windy. The weather will not be sunny. What will be the weather on the coming Monday? What was the weather last Monday?