Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Sherah: Hello and welcome to HebrewPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner Series Season 1, Lesson 7 - Talking About Your Family in Hebrew . I’m your host, Sherah!
Amir: And I’m your host Amir.
Sherah: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to ask about someone’s family.
Amir: The conversation takes place in the dining hall of the kibbutz
Sherah: It’s between Anna and her new friend Ofir.
Amir: The speakers are strangers and they’ll be speaking informal Hebrew.
Sherah: Let’s listen to the conversation.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Sherah: Since we’ve been talking about kibbutzim, let’s continue on. Another important part of the kibbutz is the dining hall.
Amir: In the past, everything in the kibbutz centered around the dining hall.
Sherah: It’s like the heart of the kibbutz.
Amir: In an effort to create a sense of community among the kibbutz members, everyone had to eat their meals in the kibbutz dining hall.
Sherah: Some kibbutzim were more relaxed, and you could eat one meal at home.
Amir: Well, there are stories of kibbutzim in the 50s that wouldn’t allow their members to have a hot water kettle in their house because they wanted them to come to the dining hall, even for their tea or coffee.
Sherah: Wow! I even heard that sometimes couples who were married weren’t allowed to sit together because it would create an atmosphere of exclusivity, and that was against the idea of equality and community.
Amir: No matter what the “rules” of the kibbutz are, the dining hall is what brought people together during the day.
Sherah: Well, I’m sure that there’s lots to talk about and lots to catch up on in the dining hall. But for now, let’s move on to the vocabulary.
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Sherah Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is אחים
Amir: אחים is the plural for אח, which is “brother”.
Sherah: אחים can mean two things - it can mean “brothers”, but it can also mean “siblings”.
Amir: Like other nouns in Hebrew, the masculine plural can include both the male and female of that noun.
Sherah: Right, so if you had 5 sisters and one brother, they would still be called אחים even though there were more girls than boys.
Amir: אח can also be amale nurse or you can call a close friend אח.
Sherah: If you add the suffix for “my” and say אחי it can be used as a slang word.
Amir: Yes, אחי is like “buddy” or “pal”.
Sherah: לגדול is our next word and it can have several different meanings.
Amir: The basic meaning is “to grow” and it can cover anything from “to grow up” to “to multiply”.
Sherah: Right, it means both “to grow older” or “to grow taller”, but it can also mean “to grow stronger”.
Amir: לגדול is in the verb group ‘pa’al’. If you were to use the same root in the ‘pi’el’ verb group it means “to grow” as well.
Sherah: But that’s a different kind of “to grow”. That is to grow something, like to grow plants.
Amir: This is a good example of how the same root changes its meaning a little bit from one verb group to another.
Sherah: The last word we want to talk about is ארץ.
Amir: This means “land” or “country” and can also mean “earth” or “world”.
Sherah: It also has a special meaning though – if you add the word for “the” before it, it becomes the special word that we call Israel הארץ.
Amir: It literally means “the country”, but we know it as our name for Israel.
Sherah: There is also a newspaper by the same name, by the way. They have an English edition online if you want to check it out. Okay, let’s move on to the Grammar.

Lesson focus

Sherah: In this lesson, you will learn how to use the definite article -ה with prefixed prepositions.
Amir: Our sample sentence from the dialogue is אני גדלתי פה בקיבוץ
Sherah: Right, in the dialogue, Ofir told Anna that he grew up on the kibbutz. And those two little words “on the” are what we’re looking at in this lesson.
Amir: The reason we are talking about this is that they combine when they appear together. In Hebrew, -ב meaning “on” or “at” and -ה meaning “the” combine to become “bah”.
Sherah: Right, Ofir says אני גדלתי פה בקיבוץ.
Amir: Listen to the difference between “on a kibbutz” בקיבוץ and “on the kibbutz” בקיבוץ.
Sherah: This is tricky because they’re spelled exactly the same, but the vowels are different.
Amir: This also happens when you combine -ל, meaning “to” and -כ meaning “as” with a -ה as well.
Sherah: But it doesn’t happen with the remaining prefixed preposition -מ or “from”.
Amir: No, the vowel on the -מ becomes ‘meh’ and the -ה follows it before the noun.
Sherah: so it’s -מה. Since it’s better for you to hear this than see it, we have some examples. Amir, take it away.
Amir: okay אני נשאר בביניין.
Sherah: I am staying in the building.
Amir: הוא הולך לקולנוע.
Sherah: He is going to the movies.
Amir: היא מתנהגת כאחות הגדולה.
Sherah: She’s acting like the older sister.
Amir: איפה המפתח מהבית?
Sherah: Where is the key from the house?
Amir: There are two examples in the dialogue that are a little more complicated.
Sherah: That’s right. The United States or ארצות הברית is a סמיכות which is a noun phrase.
Amir: A ‘smichut’ noun is where two or more nouns are joined together because they are dependent one on the other for their meaning.
Sherah: When we say “United States” together, you know that we’re talking about a country, and in Hebrew these kinds of nouns get special treatment.
Amir: Something that makes a ‘smichut’ stand out is if there is a -ה or “the” attached to it, it only occurs on the last word.
Sherah: That’s why in the ‘smichut’ ארצות הברית, the -ה is on the second word ברית.
Amir: So, what does this mean when you add a prefixed preposition to the ‘smichut’?.
Sherah: Well, it’s actually easy. The preposition is added to the first word and the -ה remains on the last word.
Amir: So, when you want to say “in the United States”, you say בארצות הברית.
Sherah: So, here are the phrases in the dialogue so you can take note of this...
Amir: אני באתי מארצות הברית.
Sherah: I came from the United States.
Amir: כל המשפחה שלי עדיין בארצות הבריתי
Sherah: ”All of my family is still in the United States.”

Outro

Sherah: Okay, that’s going to do it for this lesson. Make sure you check the lesson notes, and we’ll see you next time.
Amir: Now that you’ve listened to this lesson, please visit HebrewPod101.com and tell us about your family.
Sherah: Bye!

18 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Do you have any relatives in Israel?

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 02:07 AM
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Shalom "Thank you" and Rhonda Tierney,


Toda raba for taking the time to leave us your comments! 😇


If you have any questions, let us know. 😉


Kind regards,

Levente (לבנטה)

Team HebrewPod101.com

Rhonda Tierney
Saturday at 09:58 AM
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Yes i have cousins in Isreal

Rhonda Tierney
Saturday at 09:57 AM
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Thank you for this lesson

Thank you
Wednesday at 08:57 PM
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תודה

HebrewPod101.com
Wednesday at 12:30 AM
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Hi Yitzchak,


Thanks for posting and for sharing!


Well written! note a typo in "with" - it's supposed to be "עם".

The word "אם" is "if" of "in case".... 😄


Keep up the great work 👍

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

Yitzchak
Wednesday at 11:57 PM
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כן. יש לי אחות אחת שעברה לכאן לפני עשר שנים. היא גרה בירושלים אם בעלה ואחינים שלי.




HebrewPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 10:30 PM
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Hi John Nahaliel,


Thanks for commenting!


These phrases are not correct, unfortunately... Please allow me to correct it. The Hebrew way to say "I don't have X" is literally "there isn't X to me" - Here it would be: "אין לי משפחה בארץ" or "אין לי אחים בארץ".

I would suggest you to avoid using google translate while learning Hebrew as it is seldom 100% accurate and stick to the materials taught in the lessons. 😇


Yours,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

John Nahaliel
Wednesday at 04:31 AM
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יש לי לא משפחה בארץ.

John Nahaliel
Wednesday at 04:19 AM
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שלום! שמי יון. יש לי לא אחים בארץ.

Hebrewpod101.com Verified
Saturday at 12:12 AM
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Hi Brian Ambrose,


Welcome! ?


Thanks for commenting and for introducing yourself!


I'm Roi, Here to help your learning and answer questions you might have.


Enjoy learning Hebrew!

Roi

Team Hebrewpod101.com