Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Sherah: Hello and welcome to HebrewPod101.com’s Lower Beginner Series Season 1, Lesson 21 - Do Israeli Walls Speak Hebrew Too? I’m your host, Shira!
Amir: And I’m Amir.
Sherah: In this lesson, you will learn about the verb group pi’el.
Amir: The conversation takes place in the kibbutz in the afternoon.
Sherah: It’s between Anna and Ofir.
Amir: The speakers are friends so they’ll be using informal Hebrew.
Sherah: Let’s listen to the conversation.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Sherah: Tel Aviv is a pretty popular place to live in and visit. Tel Aviv proper is the second largest city in Israel in terms of population.
Amir: It was founded in 1909 by a group of Jewish settlers and in 1950 it merged with the city of Jaffa.
Sherah: It was one of the first Jewish cities, but even though most of the people who live in Tel Aviv are Jewish, not that many are religious.
Amir: No, most are secular. It’s a pretty artsy city. Tel Aviv has an opera, some dance companies, many of the art museums in Israel, and a cinematheque.
Sherah: It’s also a city where people love the beach.
Amir: There are restaurants, bars, cafes and clubs all along the promenade of the beach.
Sherah: One thing that Tel Aviv is known for is its traffic and lack of parking.
Amir: Lately, the city has been doing a lot to help with that problem. They have mades lots of new bike lanes and are planning to open a metro line underground in the coming years.
Sherah: They also have a great bus system. There are plenty of ways to get around in Tel Aviv without a car. Let’s move on to the vocabulary for this lesson.
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Sherah: Let’s take a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Amir: The first word that we want to talk about is לבקר?
Sherah: לבקר means “to visit”. In the dialogue, we heard this word when Anna said מתי אתה מבקר אותי “When are you going to visit me?”
Amir: We use this verb לבקר to talk about going to the doctor.
Sherah: Right, we say לבקר אצל רופא “to visit a doctor.”
Amir: לבקר can also mean “to criticize”.
Sherah: That’s something that you don’t want. Another visit you don’t want to happen is לבקר חשבונות which is “to audit”.
Amir: A noun that comes from this verb is ביקור and it can describe both a visit and criticism.
Sherah: The last word we want to talk about is עצוב.
Amir: עצוב means “sad”, “unhappy” or “gloomy”. In the dialogue, Anna used the feminine singular form when she said אהיה עצובה שם לבד “I will be sad there alone.”
Sherah: Just like other adjectives, עצוב has four forms.
Amir: Right, עצוב, עצובה, עצובים and .עצובות
Sherah: Okay, let’s move on to the Grammar.

Lesson focus

Sherah: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about the verb group פיעל.
Amir: פיעל is the second most common verb group after פעל.
Sherah: There are many nouns and adjectives that are derived from פיעל verbs.
Amir: In the present tense, פיעל verbs have a מ’ before the root letters and a ‘eh-ah’ vowel pattern.
Sherah: The verb conjugations end with the normal present tense endings. We are going to go over the four forms of לבקר in the present tense. Listeners, repeat after Amir. First is masculine singular.
Amir: מבקר
Sherah: next is feminine singular
Amir: מבקרת
Sherah: masculine plural
Amir: מבקרים
Sherah: feminine plural
Amir: מבקרות
Sherah: At the end of the dialogue, Anna uses the verb לדבר, which is also a פיעל verb.
Amir: Right, she says כמו שאני מדברת איתך עכשיו. “Like I am talking to you right now.”
Sherah: לדבר is conjugated exactly like לבקר.
Amir: Right, מדבר, מדברת מדברים מדברות.
Sherah: Let’s go through some example sentences using לבקר and לדבר. I will give the English and then Amir will give the Hebrew and pause so you can repeat after him. The first sentence is “I am talking with my brother.”
Amir: אני מדבר עם האח שלי.
[pause]
Sherah: The next sentence is “She is visiting the doctor.”
Amir: היא מבקרת אצל הרופא.
[pause]
Sherah: The children are speaking in English.
Amir: הילדים מדברים באנגלית.
[pause]
Sherah: “Shira and I are visiting our grandmother.” This is in the feminine plural, so I will say it אני ושירה מבקרות את סבתא שלנו.
[pause]
Sherah: Before we end this lesson, we want to discuss one pronunciation tip having to do with the letters heh, ħet and ayin.
Amir: When these three letters come at the end of a word and the vowel sound that comes before them is not “ah”, there is an extra “ah” vowel added to the word.
Sherah: There are two places where we see this in the dialogue, with the word שומע “hear” and the word נוסע “travel”.
Amir: Because the vowel before the ayin is an “eh” vowel, there is an extra “ah” vowel at the end.
Sherah: The same happens with the word for “week”, שבוע.
Amir: Right, there is an “oo” vowel before the ayin and so it becomes oo-ah.
Sherah: Here are a few more examples - “proofreader”
Amir: מגיה.
Sherah: know
Amir: יודע.
Sherah: open
Amir: פתוח.

Outro

Sherah: Well, that’s it for this lesson.
Amir: Make sure you check the lesson notes, and we’ll see you next time.
Amir: Now that you’ve listened to this lesson, please visit HebrewPod101.com and leave us a comment. Thanks everyone, להתראות
Sherah: Bye!

25 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Can you make a sentence with a Pi'el verb?

Yitzchak
Wednesday at 02:27 AM
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Oh. Interesting. Thanks.

HebrewPod101.com
Sunday at 07:29 PM
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Hi Yitzchak,


Thank you for posting and for sharing your phrase! very well done - the verb לשפר is a perfect Pi'el 👍


Please note only that the verb "know" isn't used in the context of languages in Hebrew, rather for actual facts and knowledge (i.e. "I know what is the capital of Romania")


For languages, we would used either "speak" or "control", as in:

עד שאדבר את השפה טוב מאוד

or

עד שאשלוט בשפה היטב


I hope that's clear :)

Best,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

Yitzchak
Thursday at 07:14 PM
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אני מווקה להמשיך לשפר את העברית שלי עד שאני יודע השפה טוב מאוד.


I hope to continue improving my Hebrew until I know the language very well.

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Friday at 12:06 PM
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Hello Julia,


Thank you for your question.

The content is aligned with the Ulpan level but not based on it -- or on any materials developed specifically for the Ulpan system. It's a great complement to Ulpan, but the content may be organized differently from the materials used in an Ulpan in Israel or abroad.


Let us know if you have any further questions.

Cheers,

Lena

Team HebrewPod101.com

Hebrewpod101.com Verified
Saturday at 10:16 PM
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Hi Oliver,


Learning a new language is a long and not an easy process.... I'm sure that with time you'll see that you remember easily more and more words and that constructing sentences becomes a second nature...


I'm here for any question or misunderstanding you might encounter,


Have fun learning!

Roi

Team Hebrewpod101.com

Oliver
Tuesday at 05:59 AM
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I find that I know the written vocabulary rather well, but when it is spoken normally, words blend in with each other that my ears aren't accustomed too. When it is slowed down I pick up words I know but didn't distinguish. I need to train my ears to pick up words in the middle of sentences as they are the more elusive ones whereas the start and ending words are easier to understand. Enjoying this serious very much :D Thankyou for making it available.

hebrewPod101.com Verified
Friday at 10:16 PM
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Shalom Luiz Goncalves da silva,


Thank you very much for your comments and feedback.

We are very glad to hear.:smile:

It's our pleasure!


Happy Hebrew learning,


Lenny

Team HebrewPod101.com

Luiz Goncalves da silva
Friday at 01:18 AM
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HebrewPod101.com is the must way to learning Hebrew. Thank you very much

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 02:20 AM
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Hi Mary Jane Card,


I'm glad the problem was solved :smile:


Sincerely,

Yaara

Team HebrewPod101.com

Mary Jane Card
Saturday at 12:55 AM
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או אכשב אני מבינה. סליחה.