Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Sherah: Hello and welcome to HebrewPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner Series Season 1, Lesson 20 - A Not-So-Secret Israeli Admirer. I’m your host, Sherah!
Amir: And I’m Amir.
Sherah: In this lesson, you will learn the reflexive verb group ‘hit’pa’el’.
Amir: The conversation takes place in Anna’s dorm room in the evening.
Sherah: It’s between Anna and Yulia.
Amir: The speakers are friends so they’ll be using informal Hebrew.
Sherah: Let’s listen to the conversation.
Sherah: I’m going in a direction that is not my strong point today... fashion.
Amir: Oh, that’s not mine either.
Sherah: We know enough though - for one, Tel Aviv is a very fashionable city, and it’s an up-and-coming place for fashion designers.
Amir: I think that Israelis in general dress very casual though - you don’t see too many people in suits and ties.
Sherah: That’s true, business attire is usually a button down shirt and nice slacks.
Amir: School kids usually wear sweat suits in the winter and cotton t-shirts and pants the rest of the year.
Sherah: There are also big differences between the way the religious dress and the way that the rest of Israel’s population dresses.
Amir: Right, religious women and men for that matter dress very conservatively. Women can’t show their knees or elbows and the men always keep their head covered with a kippah or a hat.
Sherah: I guess when it comes to fashion Israelis run the gamut. So, let’s move on to the vocabulary for this lesson.
Sherah: Let’s take a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first phrase that we want to talk about is לשים לב?
Amir: It means “to pay attention” or “to notice”.
Sherah: This is another really cool Hebrew expression. The literal translation is “to put heart”.
Amir: This may seem weird, but it actually makes sense if you look back at what ‘the heart’ meant in the bible.
Sherah: Right, the heart was considered to be the place of thought and attention in the bible.
Amir: The bible talks about considering things in your heart in some places.
Sherah: A good expression to compare it to in English is “to take heed”.
Amir: The other phrase we want to talk about here is ערב חג.
Sherah: This is the holiday evening and this is the time when most Jewish holidays are celebrated. It has to do with the way that Jewish people count days.
Amir: Right, the day begins at sundown and ends at sundown the next day, so our holidays are the same. They begin at sundown and end at sundown the next day.
Sherah: The big meal of the holiday is usually on the ערב חג.
Amir: I guess you could say that Christmas Eve comes from this concept of starting the holiday in the evening.
Sherah: True. Okay, let’s move on to the Grammar.

Lesson focus

Sherah: In this lesson you’ll learn how to talk about the reflexive verb group התפעל.
Amir: You will recognize these verbs by the ‘-it’ that comes before the root letters of the verb.
Sherah: Right, that can be hit- or mit- yit- depending on the tense and subject.
Amir: In the opening sentence of the dialogue, Anna uses two verbs from the התפעל verb group in the sentence אני חייבת להתרחץ ואז להתלבש
Sherah: I have to shower and get dressed.
Amir: The התפעל verb group is made up of reflexive verbs like these להתרחץ “to wash oneself” or “shower” and להתלבש “to dress oneself.”
Sherah: It also has verbs that are actions between two people, like reciprocal actions. For instance, “to get married” להתחתן is also part of this verb group.
Amir: In the first sentence, Anna uses the infinitive forms of the verbs. In the infinitive form, a hit comes before the root of the verb.
Sherah: Later in the dialogue, Yulia tells Anna that Ofir is in love with her. She says הוא מתאהב בך.
Amir: להתאהב is “to love someone” and it’s only used to describe the love between two people.
Sherah: In the sentence from the dialogue, we can see the verb conjugated in the present tense מתאהב.
Amir: In the present tense, the root of the verb is always preceded by mit- and then conjugated accordly.
Sherah: Listen and repeat after Amir as he goes through the four conjugations of להתלבש “to get dressed” in the present tense. First is the masculine singular.
Amir: מתלבש.
Sherah: feminine singular
Amir: מתלבשת
Sherah: masculine plural
Amir: מתלבשים.
Sherah: And lastly, feminine plural
Amir: מתלבשות.
Sherah: Other verbs in this verb group follow the same pattern. Here are some example sentences. Let’s start out with “He prays every day”.
Amir: הוא מתפלל כל יום.
Sherah: מתפלל is the reflexive verb and it means “pray”. Next, “she showers in the morning.”
Amir: היא מתרחצת בבוקר.
Sherah: מתרחצת is the reflexive verb and it means “wash” but we use it for “shower” as well. Next, “they are apologizing to their mother.”
Amir: הם מתנצלים לאמא שלהם.
Sherah: מתנתלים is the reflexive verb and it means “apologize.” Next, “They are impressed with the presentation.”
Amir: הן מתרשמות מההצגה.
Sherah: In this last sentence, מתרשמות is the reflexive verb. We hope that gives you an introduction to the התפעל verb group.


Alright, that’ll do it for this lesson.
Amir: Now that you’ve listened to this lesson, please visit HebrewPod101.com and say hello.
Sherah: Make sure you check the lesson notes, and we’ll see you next time.
Amir: Thanks everyone, להתראות
Sherah: Bye!


Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Which hit'pa'el verbs do you know?

Saturday at 07:19 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Yitzchak,

You're welcome, happy I could assist 😄👍

"Verb" in Hebrew is "פועל", pronounced "po'al". For "application" we use "אפליקציה " just as you wrote, and no abbreviation :)



Team HebrewPod101.com

Wednesday at 02:25 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Got it. Thanks.


I used the word מילה because I didn’t know how to say verb in Hebrew. Is there a better way of saying ‘verb’?

Is אפליקציה used? Or do Israelis say app also (אפ?)


Sunday at 06:46 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Yitzchak,

Thanks for posting your question!

These words are similar, but they actually have a slightly different meaning.

The word 'להתקלח' means "to shower", and used when one is taking a shower standing up while the water flows from above.

The word 'להתרחץ' is parallel to the English "bath" - either in a tub or in a water source, where the bathing person is sunk entirely in water.

Happy to assist :)



Team HebrewPod101.com

Tuesday at 04:07 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

מילת התפעל שלמדתי ב-אפליקציה זה 'להתקלח'. האם רגיל יותר לאמר 'להתרחץ' מ'להתקלח'?



A hit'pa'el verb that I learned on an App is 'להתקלח'. Is it more normal to say 'להתרחץ' as opposed to 'להתקלח'?



Tuesday at 05:14 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Camilla,

Thanks for posting your lovely comment!

This is true, להתראות is indeed - "hitpa'el" :)

For a selfie, we actually mostly say "לעשות סלפי" - literally: "to do a selfie"... Many terms from social media and technology are not translated and just said in English, this is another example :)

Thanks for your offer! I will forward this idea - it might be actually a very nice 👍❤️️



Team HebrewPod101.com

Tuesday at 04:26 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I think everybody knows a hit'pa'el verb from the very beginning of their Hebrew journey without realizing it's an hit'pa'el... It's להתראות.

A couple I've learned which aren't mentioned in the lesson are להתרחק and להתקרב. Another useful one is להשתמש, but for some reasons I struggle to pronounce it.

Now I am curious: do you use להצטלם to say "to take a selfie"? 😜

ps. It would be great to have a video lesson with Idit or Ya'ara (or another member of the team) talking about the top 10 hit'pa'el verbs and giving sample sentences.

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Friday at 03:20 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Shelley,

I'm glad I could help :smile:



Team HebrewPod101.com

Saturday at 09:49 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Thank you, Yaara-I understand now.

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 01:41 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Shelley,

Thank you for posting.

I'm sorry, I suppose my answer wasn't clear. I meant to say that this sign: " (a quote mark) is called גֶרְשַׁיִים (gershayim) in Hebrew, and is put in the middle of a word (between the last two letters) to indicate that this word is an acronym, like in this example:

צבא הגנה לישראל) צה”ל) - IDF (Israel defense forces)

I hope it's more clear now. Please let me know if you have any more questions :wink:



Team HebrewPod101.com

Tuesday at 01:14 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Yaara,

Ann asked about "gershayim" which is an acronym. I can't find it in this lesson so it must have appeared elsewhere. What does this acronym mean? Thank you.