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Lesson Transcript

Sherah: Hello and welcome to HebrewPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner Series Season 1, Lesson 2 - Asking for Directions in Hebrew. I’m your host, Sherah!
Amir: And I am Amir.
Sherah: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to use prefixed and independent prepositions.
Amir: The conversation takes place at the airport in Israel
Sherah: It’s between Anna and Ram, an immigration representative.
Amir: The speakers are strangers and they’ll be using informal Hebrew.
Sherah: Let’s listen to the conversation
Sherah: Many new immigrants like Anna choose to spend their first months in Israel on a kibbutz.
Amir: A kibbutz is a communal settlement where members share everything, including the work and the profits of their work.
Sherah: Kibbutzim are a very important part of Israeli history, because they developed out of a need for survival.
Amir: The first settlers in Palestine were often attacked by other people in the region and had to try to survive financially and materially.
Sherah: The best way to survive was to form a small communal settlement. In 1909, the first kibbutz was founded near the Sea of Galilee by 12 people, and it was called Deganiya.
Amir: The culture of each kibbutz varied, but all of the kibbutzim shared the work and income from the kibbutz equally.
Sherah: Part of living as a community meant eating all their meals in the dining hall together, celebrating holidays together, and working as a whole.
Amir: Even children used to be raised together in a children’s home, and people couldn’t have their own private possessions.
Sherah: These are some of the things that unified the people in the kibbutz, but it also began to erode the whole system.
Amir: Until the 1970s, kibbutzim thrived. Today, unless the kibbutz is doing extremely well, they’ve probably changed to a more privatized existence.
Sherah: Yes, the kibbutz today is different than it used to be. Now let’s move on to the vocabulary.
Sherah: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first phrase is לרדת.
Amir: לרדת means “to go down” or “to come down”.
Sherah: This verb can be used in many different situations - for instance, you can use it to talk about getting out of a car or a bus.
Amir: You can also use it if you are going south in the country, like if you were going down to Eilat.
Sherah: Right, אני יורדת לאילת. I am going down to Eilat. Well,that’s always fun.
Amir: You can also use it to say that you have lost weight or ירדתי במשקל.
Sherah: The last expression you can use it for is to talk about someone who has emigrated from Israel or left Israel. They would be יורד מן הארץ.
Amir: The next word we want to talk about is בחוץ.
Sherah: This is made of two words, the preposition -ב which means “on the” and ,חוץ which means “outside”, so together this means “on the outside”.
Amir: This can also mean “externally”.
Sherah: The last word that we want to talk about is בהצלחה or “good luck”.
Amir: We say this a lot in Israel, but technically it doesn’t translate as “good luck”.
Sherah: No, it doesn’t. The literal translation is “with success”.
Amir: You can say it as a positive wish, or you could use it ironically.
Sherah: I really like to wish people בהצלחה, because it has a real positive feeling to it.
Amir: Wishing someone luck seems so random, whereas wishing someone success is more like you believe in their abilities.
Sherah: Maybe that’s why I like it. Okay, let’s move on to the Grammar.

Lesson focus

Sherah: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to use prefixed and independent prepositions.. .
Amir: In Hebrew, there are two different types of prepositions.
Sherah: Right, there are a handful of prepositions that are attached to the noun they modify, and then there are other prepositions that are independent from the noun they modify.
Amir: In our dialogue, there were examples of both. There were three prefixed prepositions that appeared in the dialogue... -ב, -ל and -מ.
Sherah: Let’s start with our sample sentence from the dialogue. Ram said, האוטובוס לקיבוץ יגור בחוץ בצד ימין. The first preposition in that sentence is -ל and in this case it means “to”.
Amir: The preposition -ב appears twice in the rest of the sentence. Here it means “on”.
Sherah: When you have a prefixed preposition, most of the time the prefix will be followed by a shva vowel, which is a short “e” sound.
Amir: The vowel may change to a long “ee” sound depending on the first letter of the noun it’s attached to, but most of the time it’s a short “e” sound.
Sherah: Right, and that’s what you hear in this example sentence when Ram says האוטובוס לקיבוץ יגור נמצא בחוץ בצד ימין. [emphasize the shva vowels on the prepositions.]
Amir: And if you add a -ה, the preposition is said with an “ah” vowel.
Sherah: This is also seen in the same sentence when Ram says בחוץ, which is “on the outside”.
Amir: In this one sentence, we covered two prefixed prepositions, but there are two more.
Sherah: There is another one in our dialogue, which is -מ. In the first line of the dialogue, Anna says ירדתי ממטוס עכשיו. “I got off a plane just now.”
Amir: The last prefixed preposition is -כ which means “as”. There aren’t any examples of this in the dialogue, so let’s give you our own example. אני יורד לשחק כרגיל.
Sherah: “I am going down to play as normal.” There is also an example of an independent preposition in the dialogue, just to show the difference.
Amir: Right, Ram says, יש שם שלט על האוטובוס. In this sentence, על is the preposition and it means “on”.
Sherah: Just to get you used to hearing these prepositions in the context of a sentence, Amir is going to give you an example sentence with each preposition, and I will give you the translation.
Amir: For example, אני יורד במשקל.
Sherah: “I am losing weight.” Technically, “I am going down in weight.” The preposition here is ב.
Amir: אני יורד לאילת.
Sherah: “I am going down to Eilat.” The preposition here is ל.
Amir: אני יורד מאוטובוס..
Sherah: “I’m getting off a bus.” The preposition in this sentence is מ.
Amir: אני יורד לשחק כרגיל.
Sherah: “I am going down to play as normal.” And here, the preposition is כ.


Sherah: Okay, well, that’s it for this lesson. Make sure you check the lesson notes, and we’ll see you next time!
Amir: להתראות!


Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Hi listeners! Have your ever traveled to Israel?

Jonathan Nazarian
Tuesday at 05:43 AM
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Thank you guys for all the materials!

What's the best way to go about learning each lesson? I have a basic knowledge of Hebrew (Learned in private school up to 4th grade, but haven't been practicing in the last 18 years).

For example, I know I have trouble isolating the shoresh of each word. Should I focus on memorizing the vocabulary and pick up on the grammar later?

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 09:10 PM
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Dear Emily,

Thanks for posting and sharing your work!

Well done! - these are all perfectly written Hebrew phrases 👍👍👍😄

Keep up the great work and please let us know if you have any questions - we're here to assist 😎



Team HebrewPod101.com

Monday at 03:40 AM
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הפרחים נמצאים בגן.

אנחנו לומדים כרגיל היום.

ירדתי מן ההר.

יש שלט על הדלת של השרותים

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Friday at 11:07 PM
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Hi טינה,

Thank you for posting your question! 👍

The meaning phrase "לרדת מהמטוס" is a little wider, and refers to the whole action of leaving the plane after the flight and proceeding to the next steps (passport control, etc.). This is due to the fact that leaving the plane used to be in the past by going downstairs.

The phrase "לצאת מהמטוס" could be used for the actual short action of "exiting" of the airplane but would be less in use to describe the process... Does it make sense to you? 😅



Team HebrewPod101.com

Friday at 10:02 PM
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שלום, קורים לי טינה,

האם אני יכולה גם להגיד: אני יצאתי מהמטוס?

מה ההבדל בין לאצת ולרדת במשפט הזה?

תודה רבה

Wednesday at 12:23 AM
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Hi YItzchak,

Happy to hear 😄 You're very welcome 👍


Team HebrewPod101.com

Wednesday at 08:41 PM
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It definitely is.

Thank you.

Monday at 10:00 PM
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Hi Yitzchak,

Thanks for posting and for sharing this!

Great, what a wonderful opportunity to practice some of the new Hebrew words and phrases you've learned 👍👍😄

Enjoy your visit!


Team HebrewPod101.com

Wednesday at 11:23 PM
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Wednesday at 11:22 PM
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ביקרתי הארץ הרבה פעמים ואני נמצא פא עחשיו.