Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Sherah: Hello and welcome to hebrewpod101.com. This is Lower Beginner Series Season 1, Lesson 11 - Taking a Coffee Break in Israel. I’m your host, Sherah!
Amir: And I’m Amir.
Sherah: In this lesson, you will learn how to talk about your preferences.
Amir: The conversation takes place in the dining hall of the kibbutz, in the afternoon.
Sherah: It’s between Anna and Ofir.
Amir: The speakers are friends, so they’ll be using informal Hebrew.
Sherah: Let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
אנה: אתה רוצה קפה?
Anna: Atah rotzeh kafeh?
אופיר: לא, תודה. אני מעדיף תה.
Ofir: Lo, todah. Ani ma’adif teh.
אנה: לא אני! אני מעדיפה לשתות קפה כל יום.
Anna: Ani lo! Ani ma’adifah lish’tot kafeh kol yom.
אופיר: טעמת קפה טורקי?
Ofir: Ta’am’t kafeh turki?
אנה: עוד לא. זה טעים?
Anna: Od lo. Zeh ta’im?
אופיר: תגידי בעצמך. הנה.
Ofir: Tagidi be-atz’mekh. Hineh.
אנה: זה חזק! אני מעדיפה לשתות קפה יותר חלש.
Anna: Zeh ħazak! Ani ma’adifah lish’tot kafeh yoter ħalash.
Sherah: Let’s listen to the conversation one more time, slowly.
אנה: אתה רוצה קפה?
Anna: Atah rotzeh kafeh?
אופיר: לא, תודה. אני מעדיף תה.
Ofir: Lo, todah. Ani ma’adif teh.
אנה: לא אני! אני מעדיפה לשתות קפה כל יום.
Anna: Ani lo! Ani ma’adifah lish’tot kafeh kol yom.
אופיר: טעמת קפה טורקי?
Ofir: Ta’am’t kafeh turki?
אנה: עוד לא. זה טעים?
Anna: Od lo. Zeh ta’im?
אופיר: תגידי בעצמך. הנה.
Ofir: Tagidi be-atz’mekh. Hineh.
אנה: זה חזק! אני מעדיפה לשתות קפה יותר חלש.
Anna: Zeh ħazak! Ani ma’adifah lish’tot kafeh yoter ħalash.
Sherah: Now, let’s hear it with the English translation.
אנה: אתה רוצה קפה?
Anna: Atah rotzeh kafeh?
Anna: Do you want coffee?
אופיר: לא, תודה. אני מעדיף תה.
Ofir: Lo, todah. Ani ma’adif teh.
Ofir: No thank you. I prefer tea.
אנה: לא אני! אני מעדיפה לשתות קפה כל יום.
Anna: Ani lo! Ani ma’adifah lish’tot kafeh kol yom.
Anna: Not me! I prefer to drink coffee every day.
אופיר: טעמת קפה טורקי?
Ofir: Ta’am’t kafeh turki?
Ofir: Have you tasted Turkish coffee?
אנה: עוד לא. זה טעים?
Anna: Od lo. Zeh ta’im?
Anna: Not yet. Is it tasty?
אופיר: תגידי בעצמך. הנה.
Ofir: Tagidi be-atz’mekh. Hineh.
Ofir: See for yourself. Here.
אנה: זה חזק! אני מעדיפה לשתות קפה יותר חלש.
Anna: Zeh ħazak! Ani ma’adifah lish’tot kafeh yoter ħalash.
Anna: That's strong. I prefer to drink weaker coffee.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Sherah: Ah, coffee!
Amir: I do like a good coffee. Most Israelis do like coffee in some form.
Sherah: In some form is the key phrase, because most Israelis love instant coffee.
Amir: Yes they do. They call it Nes, which is short for Nescafe.
Sherah: Most Israelis have an electric water kettle instead of a coffee machine, so Nes is easy to make.
Amir: Another popular form of coffee in Israel is called Turkish coffee. It’s made by boiling coffee grounds several times and then pouring it into small turkish coffee cups.
Sherah: This is what they serve you when you go to eastern style restaurants.
Amir: It was also what we used to drink in the army, because it was easy to make outside.
Sherah: When you are in town, there is no shortage of good coffee shops.
Amir: The most popular kind of coffee in coffee shops is the קפה עפוך or the “upside down coffee”.
Sherah: Right, it’s basically a cafe latte, right?
Amir: Yes, it is. There is another popular form of coffee drunk in Israel.
Sherah: What’s that?
Amir: קפה ברד
Sherah: So true! When the weather gets hot, this becomes very popular, it’s like a frappucino or an ice coffee.
Amir: ברד actually means “hail”, which is what the texture of this coffee is.
Sherah: And if you don’t like coffee, like me, you can just have an iced vanilla. Okay, let’s move on to the vocabulary.
VOCAB LIST
Sherah: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
Sherah: The first word we shall see is...
Amir: לשתות/שתה [natural native speed]
Sherah: to drink
Amir: לשתות/שתה [slowly - broken down by syllable] לשתות/שתה [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next
Amir: קפה [natural native speed]
Sherah: coffee
Amir: קפה [slowly - broken down by syllable] קפה [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next
Amir: להגיד [natural native speed]
Sherah: to tell
Amir: להגיד [slowly - broken down by syllable] להגיד [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next
Amir: להעדיף/העדיף [natural native speed]
Sherah: to prefer
Amir: להעדיף/העדיף [slowly - broken down by syllable] להעדיף/העדיף [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next
Amir: לטעום/טעם [natural native speed]
Sherah: to taste
Amir: לטעום/טעם [slowly - broken down by syllable] לטעום/טעם [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next
Amir: טורקי [natural native speed]
Sherah: Turkish
Amir: טורקי [slowly - broken down by syllable] טורקי [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next
Amir: בעצמך [natural native speed]
Sherah: by yourself (feminine)
Amir: בעצמך [slowly - broken down by syllable] בעצמך [natural native speed]
Sherah: : And last...
Amir: הנה [natural native speed]
Sherah: here, here is
Amir: הנה [slowly - broken down by syllable] הנה [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Sherah: Let’s take a closer look at some of the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is להגיד.
Amir: להגיד means “to tell” or “to inform”.
Sherah: You will only hear this verb in the future conjugations, or in the infinitive form.
Amir: The other conjugations are only used in literature.
Sherah: If you come from a Jewish family, you may pull something out of the family library every year related to this word, and that is the הגדה.
Amir: Right the הגדה is the book that we use during the Passover Seder.
Sherah: It has all the songs for Passover, all the passages to read from the bible, and all of the rituals.
Amir: The next word is בעצמך.
Sherah: This is broken down into three parts - -ב which meant “by” here. עצם means “oneself” and ך- is the suffix for “your” in the feminine.
Amir: So, all together this is “all by yourself”.
Sherah: Our last word is הנה and it means “here” or “here is”.
Amir: You often use this when you are handing something to someone and you want to bring their attention to it.
Sherah: It can’t be used for “here” as in the location of something - for that you use פה. Okay, let’s move on to the Grammar.
GRAMMAR POINT
Sherah: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to say what you prefer.
Amir: Our sample sentence is אני מעדיף תה.
Sherah: We are talking about the verb להעדיף.
Amir: להעדיף is from the ‘hif’il’ verb group. This is a new group of verbs that we haven’t talked about before.
Sherah: You will recognize them by the -ה before the three root letters and the ‘י between the second and last letters in the infinitive form.
Amir: For the verb להעדיף, the root letters are ‘ayin’, ‘dalet’ and ‘peh sofit’.
Sherah: In this lesson, we’re just going to focus on the present conjugations of להעדיף.
Amir: To conjugate להעדיף, you drop the ‘lamed’, as you do with all verbs.
Sherah: Then you replace the ‘heh’ with a ‘mem’.
Amir: And then you have the simplest form, the masculine singular form מעדיף.
Sherah: To conjugate for the feminine singular, you add a ה to the end and then you have מעדיפה.
Amir: So, if I wanted to use this verb, I would say אני מעדיף קפה.
Sherah: And I would say, אני מעדיפה תה. Remember that in Hebrew, you conjugate verbs according to the subject’s gender and not according to the pronoun.
Amir: The last two conjugations are מעדיפים for masculine plural and מעדיפות for feminine plural.
Sherah: Other verbs from this verb group will follow the same pattern.
Amir: Yes, once you learn the pattern for the verb group, it’s very easy to conjugate other verbs from the same one.
Sherah: So, let’s listen to some other examples. Amir will give the Hebrew and I’ll give the translation.
Amir: Okay - אני מעדיף לשתות מים.
Sherah: “I prefer to drink water.” In this sentence, we are using I in the male voice, so the verb is conjugated for masculine singular, מעדיף
Amir: את מעדיפה לשבת או לעמוד?.
Sherah: “Do you prefer to sit or to stand?” Here we used את or “you” in the feminine, singular form, and that is why we used מעדיפה.
Amir: הם מעדיפים לבוא מחר.
Sherah: “They prefer to come tomorrow.” Here we have ‘hem’, which is “they” in the masculine, so מעדיפים agrees with ‘hem’.
Amir: הן מעדיפות לשיר במקלחת.
Sherah: “They prefer to sing in the shower.” ‘Hen’ is the feminine for “they” so we used מעדיפות to agree with it.

Outro

Okay, that’s it for this lesson. Make sure you check the lesson notes, and we’ll see you next time.
Amir: Now that you’ve listened to this lesson, please visit HebrewPod101.com and leave us a comment. Thanks everyone,
Sherah: Bye!

42 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Hi listeners! Let's practice here! Do you like tea or coffee? Or something else? Tell us in Hebrew!

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 08:58 PM
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Hi Carol,


Thank you for your comment!


Yes, since the question is turned to a female, it's conjugated as טָעַמְתְּ accordingly, well done 😄👍


The tables present selected verbs from this dialogue and unfortunately not all, but you can use the following link to observe all the conjugation forms of each verb - simply by searching it on the top menu.


I hope that helps :)


Yours,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

Carol
Monday at 02:31 AM
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Hi! One of the words in this lesson is to taste. לִטְעוֹם I thought that since Anna is asking Ofir (who is female) it would be טָעַמְתְּ or ta'amt. It would be helpful to give a conjugation table for the present and past of the verb to taste, please. I like to learn the verbs that are in the lesson at the same time.


Thanks,

Carol

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:12 PM
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Hi Aaron,


Thanks for posting your question! We're happy to hear that you are enjoying learning Hebrew with our lessons 😄


The Hebrew verb "to taste" is "לטעום", with the root letters "ט.ע.מ". Depending on whom you're asking you will phrase the question as follows:

כבר טעמת שקשוקה? = did you already taste shakshuka


Happy to help :)


Yours,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

Aaron
Monday at 09:54 PM
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Thank you so much.This app is really helping me out.How do you ask someone if he/she tasted something in the masculine and feminine forms?

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 09:19 PM
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Dear Peretz,


Thanks for commenting and posting your question! 👍


The "words" that you entered are actually not words, but "molds" for Hebrew verbs. If you look, you see that the letter 'ס' appears in each of these words 3 times. This is where the root letters of the actual verb go, in order to create verbs of this form in Hebrew (present tense, hif'il form).

In this lesson, the root is "ע-ד-פ". Using these 3 letters with the mold mentioned above, we can create the verbs of this class: מעדיף / מעדיפה / מעדיפים / מעדיפות.


Does it make more sense now? 😄😄


Please let us know if you have any further questions!


Best,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

Peretz
Friday at 04:29 AM
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Does this have something to do with the lesson? Seems a bit disconnected


HEBREW

Masculine singular מססיס

Feminine singular מססיסה

Masculine plural מססיסים

Feminine plural מססיסות

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:20 PM
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Dear Jónatas Machado,


Thank you very much for this beautiful comment and well done on writing it so nicely in Hebrew! ❤️️❤️️😮


We are delighted to hear that you benefit so much from our lessons!


Please feel free to contact us at all times if you have any questions or uncertainties about the learning material (or anything else 😄😄) - we're here to assist 👍


Sincerely,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

Jónatas Machado
Thursday at 05:40 AM
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אני מאוד אוהב את השיטה הזו ללימוד עברית. אני לומד קצת כל יום. אני לא יכול להסתדר בלי השיעורים הנפלאים שלך והצוות הנפלא שלך.❤️️👍

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 07:19 PM
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Hi גרהארד,


Thanks for posting!


Well done! your Hebrew phrase is correct 😄😄👍👍


Keep up the good work!


Yours,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

‏ ‏גרהארד
Friday at 10:24 PM
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‏אני מעדיף ‏קפה.