Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Shalom, ani Yana. Hi everybody! I’m Yana.
Welcome to HerewPod101.com’s “Ivrit be-shalosh dakot”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hebrew.
In the last lesson, we learned how to ask "What" questions in Hebrew.
This time, we are going to ask questions using the interrogative word "Where?"
Imagine you are talking to your friend on the phone and you want to ask where he is now. You will ask him eifo ata? eifo at? This is the exact translation of "Where are you?"
[slowly] Eifo ata?
[slowly] Eifo at?
So let’s break down this question:
First we had:
Eifo, which is the basic translation of "Where" in Hebrew.
And then just the familiar `you` in Hebrew- ata or at.
So in Hebrew, "Where" is simply translated as Eifo?
So for example, if you want to ask "Where do you live?" You will say Eifo ata gar? Eifo at gara?
The interrogative word will always come first in Hebrew, just like in English.
But be careful, because several variations of Eifo are possible in Hebrew. For example, if you want to ask "Where do you come from?" you will use Me- Eifo instead of just Eifo.
So that question in Hebrew is Me-eifo ata? Me-eifo at?
Does it sound familiar? You are absolutely right! We studied this sentence in lesson 11!
The word Eifo also changes if you want to say “to where”-. If you say, for example, Le-eifo ata nosea? Le-eifo at nosaat?
This literally means "Where are you going to?"
Another, even more common use of `where to` in Hebrew is Lean?
The previous sentence can be said as Lean ata nosea? Lean at nosaat?
If you remember we talked about the verb Linsoa in previous classes, so as a reminder- it is used for long distance destinations or simply to indicate driving to someplace. (and not just `going to`).
So let’s review again how to use the various forms of `Where` in Hebrew;
Eifo -Where, Le-eifo- Where to, and Me-eifo- Where from.
Eifo? Eifo rehov Dizengoff?
Le-eifo? Or Lean?- Lean ata nosea be-hufsha? Lean at nosaat be- hufsha?
Me-eifo? Me-eifo ata? Me-eifo at?
Can you translate all these sentences?!
I am sure you can!
The prefixes Le-, Me-/Mi- are easy to remember as direction “to”/ “towards”, and “from” (relatively).
They are used in many other word combinations.
For example- Sham- is “there”. Le-sham- is “to there”- like in;
Ani holeh le-sham.
Ani holehet le-sham.
I am going there.
And Mi-sham- is “from there”, like in;
Ani ba mi-sham.
Ani baa mi-sham.
I am coming from there.
Now it’s time for Yana’s insights.
The word Lean, as I mentioned is more commonly used than Le-eifo.
You can use it for all cases- when talking about short distance or long distance destinations.
In this lesson, we learned how to correctly use the interrogative Hebrew word for "Where", Eifo, but also its different variations.
Now you can avoid getting lost!
In the next lesson we’ll learn more about asking questions, this time using "When" in Hebrew.
I’ll be waiting for you in the next Ivrit be-shalosh dakot!!
Lehitraot ve-ad ha-paam ha-baa!!