Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Shalom, ani Yana. Hi everybody! I’m Yana.
Welcome to HebrewPod101.com’s “Ivrit be-shalosh dakot”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hebrew.
In our previous lessons, we learned how to say simple affirmative sentences . In this lesson, we’re going to learn how to turn them into negative forms in order to say "I'm not" and "I don't have."
So let's take an example. Imagine you are about to go to a party with your Israeli friend. You ask him if he is ready, and he answers
Lo, ani lo muhan.
If your roommate were a girl, she would say:
Lo, ani lo muhana.
Then, you ask your friend if they have a car to use to go to the party and they say lo, ein li mehonit.
This sentence works for both male and female speakers.
Let’s look at these two negative sentences:
Lo, ani lo muhan/ muhana.
Lo, ein li mehonit.
[slowly] Lo, ani lo muhan
[slowly] Lo, ani lo muhana.
[slowly] Lo, ein li mehonit.
As you can already guess the word Lo, means simply “no”. .
So let's have a look on the way to switch from affirmative to negative.
First with the verb Muhan/Muhana, which translates as “ready” (in singular form).
If your friend *was* ready, he/she would say Ani muhan/muhana “I am ready.” But he actually said Ani lo muhan.
And if it is a girl-
Ani lo muhana.
So basically, you just have to put the word Lo before the verb. How easy is that?
Now let's look at an example with the car;
"I have a car" is Yesh li mehonit, and "I don't have a car" is Ein li mehonit.
But wait, this is a little different from the last version.
Why? For most cases, we make negative sentences by adding the word Lo before the verb. But when talking about possessions, it’s a little different. Instead of Yesh, we use a word which means the opposite -- Ein, or “to not have”. So, you simply need to say Ein instead of Yesh.
So now, how would you say "I don't like this restaurant?" Lets first say the affirmative sentence; “I like this restaurant” -
Since “to like” is a verb, use the first version and simply add lo before the verb.
So affirmative will be- “Ani ohev et ha-mis’ada ha-zo”.
(if you are a guy), and if a girl;
Ani ohevet et ha-mis’ada ha-zo”.
Now lets try to turn it to negative;
Ani lo ohev et ha-mis’ada ha-zo”
Ani lo ohevet et ha-mis’ada ha-zo”.
[slowly] Ani lo ohev et ha-mis’ada ha-zo.
[slowly] Ani lo ohevet et ha-mis’ada ha-zo.
Ha-Mis’ada ha-zo- this specific restaurant.
Easy, don't you think? So now you can turn many sentences into negative form.
And if you want to say you don’t possess certain thing, just say;
Lo, ein li........ and add the noun, like, mehonit, sefer, et, esrim shekel etc..
Now it’s time for Yana’s tips.
If you want to answer negatively but without being too direct, you can add the word kol-kah between the negative lo and the verb you want to use. This will mean "I don't really...."
So if you want to say "I dont really like this restaurant" it will be
Ani lo kol-kah ohev et ha-mis’ada ha-zo.
Ani lo kol-kah ohevet et ha-mis’ada ha-zo.
Get ready for the next lesson because we are going to study a really important part of the Hebrew language: using adjectives.
I’ll be waiting for you in the next Ivrit be-shalosh dakot
Lehitraot ve-ad ha-paam ha-baa !!