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Lesson Transcript

Shalom, ani Yana. Hi everybody! I’m Yana.
Welcome to HebrewPod101.com’s “Ivrit be-shalosh dakot”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hebrew.
In our previous lessons, we learned how to say simple affirmative sentences . In this lesson, we’re going to learn how to turn them into negative forms in order to say "I'm not" and "I don't have."
So let's take an example. Imagine you are about to go to a party with your Israeli friend. You ask him if he is ready, and he answers
Lo, ani lo muhan.
If your roommate were a girl, she would say:
Lo, ani lo muhana.
Then, you ask your friend if they have a car to use to go to the party and they say lo, ein li mehonit.
This sentence works for both male and female speakers.
Let’s look at these two negative sentences:
Lo, ani lo muhan/ muhana.
Lo, ein li mehonit.
[slowly] Lo, ani lo muhan
[slowly] Lo, ani lo muhana.
[slowly] Lo, ein li mehonit.
As you can already guess the word Lo, means simply “no”. .
So let's have a look on the way to switch from affirmative to negative.
First with the verb Muhan/Muhana, which translates as “ready” (in singular form).
If your friend *was* ready, he/she would say Ani muhan/muhana “I am ready.” But he actually said Ani lo muhan.
And if it is a girl-
Ani lo muhana.
So basically, you just have to put the word Lo before the verb. How easy is that?
Now let's look at an example with the car;
"I have a car" is Yesh li mehonit, and "I don't have a car" is Ein li mehonit.
But wait, this is a little different from the last version.
Why? For most cases, we make negative sentences by adding the word Lo before the verb. But when talking about possessions, it’s a little different. Instead of Yesh, we use a word which means the opposite -- Ein, or “to not have”. So, you simply need to say Ein instead of Yesh.
So now, how would you say "I don't like this restaurant?" Lets first say the affirmative sentence; “I like this restaurant” -
Since “to like” is a verb, use the first version and simply add lo before the verb.
So affirmative will be- “Ani ohev et ha-mis’ada ha-zo”.
(if you are a guy), and if a girl;
Ani ohevet et ha-mis’ada ha-zo”.
Now lets try to turn it to negative;
Ani lo ohev et ha-mis’ada ha-zo”
Or
Ani lo ohevet et ha-mis’ada ha-zo”.
[slowly] Ani lo ohev et ha-mis’ada ha-zo.
[slowly] Ani lo ohevet et ha-mis’ada ha-zo.
Ha-Mis’ada ha-zo- this specific restaurant.
Easy, don't you think? So now you can turn many sentences into negative form.
And if you want to say you don’t possess certain thing, just say;
Lo, ein li........ and add the noun, like, mehonit, sefer, et, esrim shekel etc..
Now it’s time for Yana’s tips.
If you want to answer negatively but without being too direct, you can add the word kol-kah between the negative lo and the verb you want to use. This will mean "I don't really...."
So if you want to say "I dont really like this restaurant" it will be
Ani lo kol-kah ohev et ha-mis’ada ha-zo.
Ani lo kol-kah ohevet et ha-mis’ada ha-zo.
Get ready for the next lesson because we are going to study a really important part of the Hebrew language: using adjectives.
I’ll be waiting for you in the next Ivrit be-shalosh dakot
Lehitraot ve-ad ha-paam ha-baa !!

26 Comments

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HebrewPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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Can you make a sentence using the negative form?

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Monday at 08:11 PM
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Hi Victoria and Isabel Pupo,


Thanks for posting!


Of course, one could just say "yes" or "no", but for learning purposes, we present here the full versions of sentences 😄


Enjoy learning Hebrew!


Best,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

Victoria and Isabel Pupo
Wednesday at 11:55 PM
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Shalom, Can’t you simply just say ken or lo?

Thank you Yana for teaching Hebrew!

Regards,

Victoria and Isabel!

HebrewPod101.com
Wednesday at 12:44 AM
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Hi David A Waller,


Thanks for commenting!


It's a valid point, but in Hebrew, the distinguishment between adjectives and passive verbs is sometimes not very definite, as the verb form is used to create the adjective...

I agree, however, that in this context referring to it as "adjective" would have been more accurate...


Thanks again for raising this and enjoy learning Hebrew 👍


Yours,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

David A Waller
Thursday at 06:08 AM
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At 1:43, Yanna refers to מוכן as a verb. I think that it's an adjective.

HebrewPod101.com
Wednesday at 06:02 PM
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Hi קנדרה,


Thanks for posrting!


Almost :) you got the most of it right.


The proper translation is: "אני לא ממש מבינה" - here, "ממש" is better to translate "really, even though one would be understood quite well also by saying or "אני לא כל כך מבינה".


The word "love" (אוהבת) is unrelated here and I'm guessing it was added by mistake... 😉


Keep up the great work!

Yours,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

קנדרה
Sunday at 07:22 AM
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Is this a sentence?

לא כל–כך אוהבת מבינה.

I'm trying to say: "I don't really understand."

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Friday at 04:10 PM
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Hi Liz,

Nice question! There isn't really an English parallel to the word Et את. ?

To learn more about it, please check out this lesson:

https://www.hebrewpod101.com/lesson/absolute-beginner-questions-answered-by-your-hebrew-teacher-7-how-do-you-use-the-word-%D7%90%D7%AA-et/?lp=52


Cheers,

Idit Team HebrewPod101.com

Liz
Thursday at 10:27 AM
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Shalom!


Thanks for your helpful lessons!


What is the meaning of "et" in the example sentence " Ani ohev et ha-mis'ada ha-zo"?

I guess it means something like "the" in English, then what is the difference with "ha" before the noun?


Toda raba!


Liz

Joshua K
Wednesday at 03:09 PM
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Hi Roi, thanks so much for your reply. אני מבין ?


שלום

-Josh

Hebrewpod101.com Verified
Sunday at 09:35 PM
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Hi Joshua K


Thanks for commenting!


Yes, you are correct about the masculine/feminine difference.


הזו and הזאת are used similarly, but actually the differens reminds of the difference between "this" and "that" in English... "הזאת" (That) is somewhat more specific that הזו (this).


Hope it helps :)

Yours,

Roi

Team Hebrewpod101.com