Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Hi!
Welcome to Introduction to Hebrew.
My name is Alisha and I'm joined by...
שלום! ברוכים הבאים להכרות לשפה העברית
Hi everyone! I'm Idit
In this lesson, we'll focus on teaching you the most useful Hebrew words and phrases for absolute beginners!
Make sure you're repeating the words out loud after I say the examples!
Are you ready? Let's get started!
Expressing Thanks and Forgiveness
The best phrase to learn when studying a new language is one that expresses gratitude and appreciation. If you had to learn only a single phrase, this would be it!
We taught you this phrase in the first lesson of this series. Do you remember what it was?
תודה
todah
It means "thank you."
Keep repeating after Idit until you get it!
תודה
todah
Your turn!
תודה
todah
תודה
todah
But what if you want to expressive even greater thanks, like in English when you say "thank you very much?"
Then you would add a רבה after the תודה.
todah rabah
"thank you very much"
Altogether, it's...
תודה רבה
todah rabah
"thank you very much"
The next phrase we'll teach you, is perhaps the second most useful phrase of all. It's to apologize or to excuse yourself.
סליחה
It means "excuse me" or "I'm sorry."
סליחה
sliħah
"I'm sorry."
Use this phrase when you want to grab a waiter's attention, or when you're hustling through the busy streets of Jerusalem!
סליחה
sliħah
"I'm sorry."
Your turn!
סליחה
sliħah
"I'm sorry."
Imagine you're on the street and you want to stop someone to ask them for directions. What do you say?
סליחה
sliħah
"I'm sorry."
OK. One last time...
סליחה
sliħah
"I'm sorry."
Now you can say "thank you," "thank you very much," "excuse me," and "I'm sorry" in Hebrew. Let's move on.
Where is...?
Asking where something is is an incredibly important and useful phrase to learn. You're going to need this when asking where the bathroom, the train station, or where the hotel is.
To ask where something is, put the Hebrew word for "where" first, and then add the place you want to find...
איפה
eifo
That's Hebrew for "where."
For example, if you want to ask "Where is the bathroom?"
איפה השירותים?
Eifo ha-sherutim?
"Where is the bathroom?"
For the train station, it'll be...
איפה תחנת הרכבת?
Eifo taħanat ha-rakevet?
"Where is the train station?"
And so on.
You can ask where something is, by starting with...
איפה
eifo
"where"
You might have noticed that this sentence is a few words shorter than the English equivalent.
Well, that's because in Hebrew we don't have a word for "is," and the word for "the" is connected to the noun. So in the sentence, איפה השירותים, you're actually saying "where the bathroom?"
So, that makes it a little simpler. You only need to know the word for "where..."
איפה
eifo
"where"
...and the destination you want to get to. Let's practice these two sentences again. First is "where is the bathroom?"
איפה השירותים?
Eifo ha-sherutim?
"Where is the bathroom?"
Your turn!
איפה השירותים?
Eifo ha-sherutim?
"Where is the bathroom?"
The second word of this sentence is the word we use for bathroom in Hebrew.
שירותים
shirutim
"bathroom (services)"
Technically, this word means "services."
OK. Now let's teach you some vocabulary so that you can use it in the sentence.
Here are some of the most common words you'll need to learn:
בית מלון
beit malon
"hotel"
בית מלון
beit malon
"hotel"
If you ask someone this question, they'll direct you to the closest hotel.
If you'd like to ask where a specific hotel is, like Hilton for example, simply place the name after "hotel."
בית מלון
בית מלון הילטון
איפה בית המלון הילטון?
beit malon
"hotel"
beit malon hilton
"the Hilton hotel"
Eifo beit ha-malon Hilton?
"Where is the Hilton hotel?"
Next...
מכולת
makolet
"convenience store"
מכולת
איפה המכולת?
makolet
"convenience store"
Eifo ha-makolet?
"Where is the convenience store?"
Our second example sentence was "where is the train station?"
איפה תחנת הרכבת?
Eifo taħanat ha-rakevet?
"Where is the train station?"
The second word in this sentence means "station," and the last word means "train."
איפה תחנת הרכבת?
Eifo taħanat ha-rakevet?
"Where is the train station?"
Your turn!
איפה תחנת הרכבת?
Eifo taħanat ha-rakevet?
"Where is the train station?"
You can substitute almost anything and simply start with...
איפה
eifo
"where"
...to ask where something is in Hebrew.
In this final lesson, you learned how to say "thank you," "excuse me," "I'm sorry," and how to ask where something is in Hebrew.
And in this series, we introduced you to the basics of Hebrew pronunciation, grammar, writing, and more.
Let's conclude with some parting advice from Idit. Listen to some of her tips on how to learn Hebrew from a native Hebrew speaker's perspective.
Parting Advice - Insider Knowledge
The best way to learn Hebrew, particularly if you want to improve your communication skills, is to watch and study contemporary Hebrew videos. That's because we often use expressions in daily conversation that aren't necessarily introduced in grammar text books.
The biggest mistake that I see learners make is stressing to much about making the gutteral letter sounds. They may sound funny to you in the beginning, but if you loosen you mouth and just go with the flow, you'll learn that it's actually fun to make these sounds.
Watching contemporary videos, such as our videos here at HebrewPod101, will ensure that you're learning real, applicable Hebrew in the fastest and most effective way. And you'll be able to perfect the sound of Hebrew by repeating after us in the videos.
You've reached the end of this course 'Introduction to Hebrew', but it's only the beginning of your journey to Hebrew fluency! Where do you go from here? Try our Hebrew in 3 minutes series where we teach you basic grammar and even more useful phrases! Or check out any of our other video series. We have many different categories for you to choose from.
Good luck as you continue learning Hebrew, and I'll see you in another video!
Bye!
Bye!

42 Comments

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HebrewPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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Where do you go from here? Try our Hebrew Alphabet Made Easy series where we teach you beginner vocabulary and even more useful phrases!
https://www.hebrewpod101.com/index.php?cat=35

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 06:12 PM
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Hi Alex,


Thanks for posting your question!


The form "שֵׁירוּתִים" that you wrote isn't correct, as the word in is not written with a "yod', but as שֵׁרוּתִים.

The correct pronunciation is "sherutim".


I hope that helps :)


Best,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

Alexandros Kefalas
Friday at 06:08 AM
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Shalom,

I found the word bathroom with niqqud written as שֵׁירוּתִים so why is it pronounced as shirutim and not ShErutim? Shouldn't the two dots niqqud give the sound E?


Best

Alex

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 10:45 PM
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Hi Krissa,


Thanks for posting your question!


The addition of the "he" to the second word is happening when the noun we want to specify is a "smikhut" - i.e. a noun that is composed of two words, when the second describes the first.

The "hotel", for example, is composed of "בית" and "מלון" (often written with a dash as "בית-מלון"). Here, the 2nd word "מלון" (derived from "לינה" = "to sleep") specifies what kind of "home" ("בית") we're dealing with. Therefore the article "ה" is added on "מלון" and not on "בית".


I hope that's clear, please let us know may you have further questions 😄


Best,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

Krissa
Thursday at 05:23 AM
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hi, why do you put the ha in front of malon and not beit? I thought hotel is beit malon and the hotel should be ha+beit malon?(Sorry Im typing in transliteration I do not have hebrew keyboard on my computer)

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 05:25 PM
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Hi Monica,


Thanks for posting!


I can recommend you some of my personal favorites series, some can be found on streaming services, some on YouTube -


Shtissel (series)

Arab Labor (series)

Fauda (series)

Walk on water (movie)

A Matter of Size (movie)

State of Jerusalem (short local documentaries)


Enjoy!

Best,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

מוניקה (Monica)
Thursday at 08:51 PM
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Any advice on contemporary movies or short video series in Hebrew? (with captions preferably😅)

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 03:57 AM
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Hi Leszek Paul,


Thanks for posting your question!


When we write without Nikkud (voweling), we tend to add the letter "vav" (ו) where the vowel is either U or O.

In this case, the word "grocery store" will be written either as "מכולת" (no vowels) or as "מַכֹּלֶת" (with vowels).


Does that make sense? 😉


Best,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

Leszek Paul
Saturday at 12:44 AM
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Hello

what is the difference between מכולת and מכלת

are both way correct ?

thank you

Leszek

HebrewPod101.com
Monday at 02:43 AM
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Hi Brett,


Thanks for posting!


The first letter in "סליחה" is "ס" (samekh), and it is correct in both cases... can it be simply a different font? some fonts make the samekh round, and some make the upper and left part a little more straight (as in this lesson), but it is the same letter in both cases... 😄


I hope that helps,

Best,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

Brett
Wednesday at 02:39 AM
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The letter at the beginning of "slikha" looks different than what was learned for the "s" sound. Why is this?