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Lesson Transcript

Shalom, ani Yana! Welcome to Hebrewpod101.com’s Alef-Beit be-kalei kalut.
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Hebrew alphabet: the alef-beit!
In the last lesson we learned to write the most important word in Hebrew- אהבה- the word for love.
Do you remember the niqqud for אהבה?
If you're not feeling confident about it, review the last lesson before continuing on from here.
In this lesson we will learn one new Hebrew letter and three more niqqud!
Are you ready? So let’s start! Bou nathil!
The sixth letter is 'Vav'!!!
The sound of 'vav' is 'v’ or “o” or “u”
and it is written like this:
That’s it! Only one stroke from top to bottom.
The print version is the same with only a small difference:
In Hebrew 'vav' is not only the name of this character, it’s also a word by itself. It means a hook. Doesn't vav look like a hook?
You can write this word like this:
It’s just the the letter 'vav' two times!
If you want to add niqqud- it will look like this
now we move on to the next niqqud symbol-
'Hirik'- ִ- with the sound 'i' (like in See)
It’s just one dot under the letter.
Now you can write a very common name - one that belonged to the second, and perhaps most famous, king of the ancient Kingdom of Israel:
דָוִד-is 'David'. It’s written with two 'dalet' and one 'vav'. the niqqud here is important- otherwise it can have different pronunciation and meaning. Let’s write this word.
and now in print-
The next niqqud for this lesson is 'Shuruk'-וּ-
With the sound 'u'. This is how you make vav sound like a 'u'.
for example if we take the same letters from 'David' and instead of 'Hirik' we add 'Shuruk' it will be-
דוּד- 'dood'- electric water heater.
Perhaps now you can appreciate the power of learning the niqqud when you’re first studying Hebrew! Let’s write this word:
and now in print-
Notice how Shuruk goes to the left of the vav.
Seem complicated?
Don't worry- we will review them all at the end of this lesson. But not before we will learn the last niqqud for today-
'Holam male'- וֹ- sound 'o'.
This is how you make 'vav' sound like 'o'.
Let’s write this.
דוֹד- 'dod'- uncle.
and now in print-
Notice that holam male appears above the vav.
Now, 'Shuruk' and 'Holam male' are only written with the letter 'vav' and not with any other letter! Hirik, however, will appear below other letters
Now lets see all the last three examples together and make sense of them;
first we had-
דָוִד - 'david'- David
דוּד- 'dood'- electric water heater
דוֹד- 'dod'- uncle
Now let's have a short quiz. I'll show you the niqqud symbol next to a letter- and you have to pronounce its sound;
Now it's time for Yana's insight.
Since you will not see any niqqud in modern readings in Israel, you will have to guess by the context of the sentence which pronunciation and meaning it has. It all comes with the experience of studying Hebrew vocabulary.
Another tip is when writing the letter 'vav' it is important to keep the length of the stroke inside the frame- otherwise it becomes a different letter.
But that is for later!
So in this lesson we studied the letter 'Vav' and three niqqud in Hebrew- 'i' (Hirik) 'u' (Shuruk), 'o' (Holam male).
In the next lesson we will learn two more Hebrew letters -- one that is used for sounds that aren’t from Hebrew at all - and one for a sound you may hear only in Hebrew... Can you guess what they are?
See you then!


Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Friday at 03:34 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Johannes,

Thank you for posting.

We've added the [uncle] vocabulary. The other word is not in our database yet, but try our Custom Lists: https://www.hebrewpod101.com/custom-lists/

until it is. 👍

Please don't forget that if you can't find a vocabulary on a lesson page, you can always check our free dictionary and add the words from there to your Flash Cards! 😄



Team HebrewPod101.com

Emily Abbrahaam
Thursday at 02:42 PM
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When niqqud is added to a letter, will the letter be silent.

Example: when niqqud a is added to the letter 'v' will it be pronounced as 'a' or 'va'?

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 09:01 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Dear Johannes Braunias and Ashes,

Thank you for commenting and for sharing your suggestions for improvement with us!

I will forward your requests and I hope you will be able to see these updates soon... 👍

Best regards,


Team HebrewPod101.com

Monday at 10:29 AM
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Could we see what she means by "frame"? Without reference, it is weird to picture. There are no lines or boxes in the video.

Johannes Braunias
Monday at 06:08 AM
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Could you add the words דוּד (electric water heater) and דוֺד (uncle) to the vocabulary part, so that they can be added to the flash cards? Thank you!

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 06:58 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Dear Stas,

Thanks for posting your question!

In the word "דוד" (David), the letter "Vav" (ו) functions as the consonant V. The vowel "hirik" is always an "EE" vowel (as in 'meet'), no matter which letter it is.

I hope that helps, please let us know if you have further questions 👍



Team HebrewPod101.com

Friday at 09:27 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Why is David written with only one Vav?

I thought the "vav" with "hirik" is pronounced "I".

In this example of "David" the "Vav with hirik" is pronounced "VI" instead of "I".

Can someone please explain this?

Thank you!

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 08:46 AM
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Shalom Myndi Guenther,

Our members with a Free Lifetime Account are still able to study with us for free as we regularly publish new lessons on our site which are available completely free of charge for a period of three weeks. However, for our more committed students, we require subscription plans to have access to the entire Lesson Library. Please check out our detailed Help Center page to get a complete overview of what exactly is included in the Free Lifetime Account, and what perks our various subscription options can give to you. You can find all this information at: https://www.HebrewPod101.com/helpcenter.

Hope this helps! Feel free to contact us if you have any further questions.

Kind regards,

Levente (לבנטה)

Team HebrewPod101.com

Myndi Guenther
Wednesday at 07:01 AM
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Lessons beyond lesson 3 won't load, is there another way to access it?

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Friday at 07:59 PM
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Hi Mandy,

Thanks for posting! ❤️️😄

The word "dod" (דוֹד) means simply "uncle" 😄

happy to assist :) enjoy learning Hebrew!



Team HebrewPod101.com