Lesson Transcript

Shalom, ani Yana! Welcome to Hebrewpod101.com’s Alef-Beit be-kalei kalut.
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Hebrew alphabet: the alef-beit!
In the last lesson we have completed the full series of Hebrew alef-beit! and 10 main niqqud!
This lesson we will finish the last 3 additional niqqud symbols that are used mostly for reading the Hebrew Bible-
the 'Tora'.
So let’s start! Bou nathil!
Do you remember the niqqud 'Shva'? The one that has no sound and is called the 'silent vowel'?
That’s the idea behind the next 3 niqqud as well. These are called -'reduced niqqud'. In two out of three cases, they make the sound of the niqqud that they’re based on shorter.
So there is-
1.'Reduced Segol'-
Just add 'Shva' to the 'segol'
The word 'Elohim' which is God in Hebrew, is written with this 'reduced segol'.
אֱלֹהִים (handwriting)
and in print
אֱלֹהִים (print)
The next one is-
2.'Reduced Patah'-ֲ
Add 'shva' to the 'patah', and it reduces the sound 'a'.
'aharei'- after (something).
אַחֲרֵי (handwriting)
and in print
אַחֲרֵי (print)
and -
3.'Reduced Kamats'-ֳ
Reduced Kamats is very rare, so you will hardly ever see it.
Sometimes it is read as the sound “O” and not “A” like the regular “Kamats”.
for example-
“Ha-tsiporim”- The birds.
הַצִפֳרים (handwriting)
and in print
הַצִפֳרים (print)
Now its time for Yanas insights;
These three additional Niqqud are mostly seen in the old writings , like the bible, or in texts related to linguistic changes in Hebrew, or in traditional literature.
Since modern Hebrew came about initially as a revival of ancient Hebrew, you will find, in studying the two writing systems, many more similarities than differences. In fact, the differences are more or less limited to the three niqqud we learned in this lesson!!!!
That’s it!
You have finished the full niqqud system and are now ready to read any Hebrew text -- including the ancient Hebrew Bible written thousands of years ago!!
The last three lessons are dedicated to reading some famous selections from the Hebrew Bible--ones that are commonly used as proverbs today.
Do you know how the Hebrew Bible begins? Find out in the next lesson of Alef-Beit be-kalei kalut
See you then! Lehitraot!!!


Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:45 PM
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Hi KID Amity,

Thank you for commenting!

Unfortunately, I can't follow your question so much... Could you elaborate a little more on the part you found confusing? where exactly have you seen this in the lesson?

Thank you in advance 👍😄

Happy learning!



Team HebrewPod101.com

KID Amity
Saturday at 03:39 AM
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Ani looks diffreint why

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Friday at 09:37 PM
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Hi David Bedell,

Thanks for posting this great question.

The answer is that in Hebrew, we some treat letters as one, even if they have 2 different "states" (as in the case of "Bet" and "Vet", or "Peh" and "Feh") or two different forms (as in the case of the letters which have a "sofit" form (final

form) - "מ"/ "ם", "כ" / "ך" etc.).

An explenation to that lies in the fact Hebrew uses a "root" system for words, meaning that almost every word (verbs, nouns, adjectives etc.) are composed of 3 "root" letters, which a "fed" into certain "forms". It is possible that when "ב" is present in a root of a word, it will appear either as a "bet" or as a "vet" - depending on other letters in the word and on the form.

It is important to mention that this topic is a little advanced and will be discussed in more detail on the more advanced levels, it is okay if it's not yet very clear at the moment... 😅

I hope that helps :)



Team HebrewPod101.com

David Bedell
Tuesday at 05:01 PM
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Good Morning! I'm diligently studying my Hebrew lessons but have a question. I know from my studies that there are 22 characters in the Alef Beit, however, what about veit, haf, fey, tsadi (with the accent), and sin. I can see they are similar to other characters but they have their own names, spelling, characters, pronunciations, and applications. Why is it they aren't formally included in the alef beit? Also, does that small group of characters have it's own name such as the 13 vowel pronunciation marks are called niqquds? Is there a way to refer to them as a group? I'm a real beginning beginner so this probably won't be my last silly question. Thank you!! I'm really enjoying the studies and very much like Yana's presentations.

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 08:22 PM
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Hi Maria,

Thanks for posting your questions!

There are 2 types of "kamats" - "kamats gadol" (big kamats) and "kamats katan" (small kamats).

"kamats gadol" is alwyas a "AA" vowel, while the "kamats katan" is a "O" vowel. The problem is - they look identical 😅😅

That said, the small kamats is way less common, and in writings without vowels we tend to add a "vav" (ו) to stress the fact that the vowel is an "O".

Similarly, "shva" can be either "nakh" (resting) or "na" (moving). It can be pronounced as no vowel or as a short "EH" vowel, as you wrote correctly, depending on it's type and position in a word.

Happy to assist!



Team HebrewPod101.com

Friday at 08:50 AM
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Also, isn't the vowel shva pronounced as "eh" sometimes? Is it only rare times?

Thank you

Friday at 08:45 AM
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Is the reduced kamatz vowel pronounced as "oh" only sometimes? So, does that mean that other times it is pronounced as "ah?" Which pronunciation is more common?


HebrewPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 07:13 PM
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Hi Victoria and Isabel,

Thanks for posting and for this great feedback!

We're happy to hear that you're enjoying our lessons! Please feel free to write to us in case you have questions - we're always glad to assist :)

Keep up the great work!


Team HebrewPod101.com

Victoria and Isabel
Sunday at 11:52 PM
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We liked the lessons they are very fun!🥰

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Friday at 07:29 PM
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Hi John,

Thanks for posting!!

We're happy that you enjoy our lessons! Enjoy learning Hebrew 😄😄



Team HebrewPod101.com