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Lesson Transcript

Shalom, ani Yana! Welcome to Hebrewpod101.com’s Alef-Beit be-kalei kalut.
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Hebrew alphabet: the alef-beit!
In the last lesson we covered the eighteenth letter- צ.
In this lesson we will learn two more letters from the alef-beit and one niqqud.
So let’s start! bou nathil!
The ninteenth Hebrew letter is- `Kuf`, with the sound of `K`.
Don’t confuse Kuf with the eleventh letter `Kaf`. They have the same sound but are written and used differently!
Let’s write `Kuf` in the handwriting style first
ק (handwriting)
Keep the stroke longer than the frame, otherwise it will become `Hei`.
in print-
ק (print)
almost the same!
`Kir` is a wall.
קיר (handwriting)
and in print
קיר (print)
The next letter is number twenty! It’s- - `Reish`, with the sound of `R`.
It looks like this-
ר (handwriting)
The pronunciation of the Hebrew `Reish` is similar to the french `R` sound. Try to make the sound from the throat- rolling the `r`, as if you were gurgling water.
In print-
ר (print)
`Dvora`- is a bee.
דבורה (handwriting)
and in print-
דבורה (print)
And you can now write the word `Israel`! It is written like this-
דְבוֹרָה (handwriting)(with niqqud)
and in print-
דְבוֹרָה (print) (niqqud)
The last thing we’ll talk about today is the next niqqud- called- `Holam haser`. It looks like this and has the sound of `O`.
We already learned `O` sound in `Holam Male`, remember?
However, `holam Haser` is only the dot on the upper left side of the letter and indicates an `O` sound, like in-
אֱלֹהים (handwriting) (niqqud -reduced segol for alef) `Elohim`- is God in Hebrew.
and in print
אֱלֹהים (print)
Now its time for Yana`s insights;
Try to review the last 20 letters. Write them down in a line or a table and next to them their sound. then practice pronouncing all of them, by their order.
This will be your preparation for our next lesson, where we are going to sing the entire Hebrew alef-Beit together!
We have completed in this lesson 20 of the 22 Hebrew alef-beit letters!
Only 2 more to go and one more of the main niqqud symbols used in everyday Hebrew.
See you in the next lesson!
Bye bye!


Please to leave a comment.
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HebrewPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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HebrewPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 02:31 AM
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Hi Georgina,

Thanks for posting your question!

While in some cases the Niqqud sign is enough to express the vowel, in other cases Hebrew uses one of the "אהוי" letters as well.

Note that in these cases (as in the word "קִיר") the letter "י" isn't instead of the chirik (the dot under the letter "ק"), but in addition to it.

I hope that helps :)



Team HebrewPod101.com

Wednesday at 06:09 AM
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I would like to ask, why its needed to write in the word "kir " ,a "yud" letter after the "Kuf" letter, which already have a hiriq, and generates the "i" sound?

Thank you!

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Friday at 07:13 PM
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Hi Maria,

Thanks for posting!

Yes, the name "Maria" will be written with nikkud as מָרִיָּה with a hirik under the ר.



Team HebrewPod101.com

Monday at 09:21 AM
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Oh that's good to know!

In English, my name has the stress on the vowel "I." So would the stress also be on the hirik vowel in Hebrew?

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 08:11 PM
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Hi Maria,

Thanks for posting!


Both versions (kuf / kof) are used interchangeably, and both are common and understood.

The name Maria might have originated from "Miriam", but it is very well known in Hebrew and is actually very common among the Russian community in Israel.

Maria is written "מריה" in Hebrew.

Happy to assist :)



Team HebrewPod101.com

Friday at 06:51 AM
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I thought the letter kuf was named kof. So, is it actually kuf and not kof?

Also, how would you say my name in Hebrew? Would it be Miriam and not Maria? And how would you spell it?

Thank you!

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:45 AM
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Hi madeleine,

Thanks for posting this comment and for the honest feedback. We appreciate your thoughts and hope that you will encounter fewer such issues in the future.

I couldn't understand from your comment what is exactly the error that you were referring to... are you sure it appeared in this lesson? would you be able to direct me to it so we could fix it?




Team HebrewPod101.com

Thursday at 02:17 AM
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I am glad somebody else noticed the error too

When you say we can now spell the word Israel - it is again written as bee...

As I have said before, it is hard enough learning Hebrew from scratch - the quality control of lessons should be more strict please. It is not the first mistake that has cropped up - adding to the confusion.

Although spotting it is already a sign of improvement - I suppose!! Some consolation...

Friday at 08:16 PM
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Hi Aimee,

Thanks for posting and for sharing this issue.

Yes, The R and KH sounds in Hebrew can be challenging. The best way to practice pronunciation is to listen very carefully to the sound produced be a native speaker, and then try it out until you reach the right tone. You can record yourself or try it in front of a mirror - which might help.

The sound R in Hebrew is "rolling", and produced in the throat, a little bit like a cat's purr... 😅

I hope that helps! and remember: as long as people understand you properly, there's nothing wrong with a little bit of accent 😄



Team HebrewPod101.com

Thursday at 04:02 AM
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I'm relatively new to Hebrew, and am having a difficult time making the "r" sound. I've studied German and French so I can make the "khaf" sound, and Spanish so I can roll the r on the front of the tongue, but haven't been successful rolling the r on the back of the tongue. Are there exercises taught to children and new adult learners that can be used to accomplish that sound?

Thanks so much! Love this site.