Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Brandon: Hi everyone, I’m Brandon.
Lenny: And I’m Lenny!
Brandon: And welcome to Culture Class: Essential Hebrew Vocabulary, Lesson 5! In this lesson you'll learn 5 essential words related to Food and Drink. These are five common Israeli Sweets and desserts. Hand picked. You can find a complete list of vocabulary at HebrewPod101.com
Brandon: Lenny, what’s our first word?
Lenny: חלבה
Brandon: halva, a dense, sweet confection often made from nut butters
Lenny: (slow) חלבה (regular) חלבה
Brandon: Listeners, please repeat:
Lenny: חלבה
[pause - 5 sec.]
Brandon:
Halva is sweet and usually made from sugar and sesame, but can also be made with nut butter or sunflower seeds . There are many kinds of halva.
Brandon: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Lenny: (normal) בקיץ מומלץ לשמור את החלבה במקרר.
Brandon: In summer it is recommended to keep the halva in the refrigerator.
Lenny: (slow) בקיץ מומלץ לשמור את החלבה במקרר.
Brandon: Okay, what’s the next word?
Lenny: פירות יבשים
Brandon: Dried Fruit
Lenny: (slow) פירות יבשים (regular) פירות יבשים
Brandon: Listeners, please repeat:
Lenny: פירות יבשים
[pause - 5 sec.]
Brandon:
Fruits such as apples, cranberries, blueberries, or strawberries are either sun-dried or dried by using specialized fruit dryers. Israelis eat dried fruits throughout the year, and especially on the Jewish holiday tu bishvat.
Brandon: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Lenny: (normal) פירות יבשים מכילים הרבה מאוד קלוריות.
Brandon: Dried fruits contain a lot of calories.
Lenny: (slow) פירות יבשים מכילים הרבה מאוד קלוריות.
Brandon: Okay, what’s the next word?
Lenny: רוגעלך
Brandon: Rugelach, yeast dough pastry filled with chocolate or cinnamon
Lenny: (slow) רוגעלך (regular) רוגעלך
Brandon: Listeners, please repeat:
Lenny: רוגעלך
[pause - 5 sec.]
Brandon:
The pastry originated in the Ashkenazi Jew’s kitchen, and is a popular pastry in Israel.
Brandon: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Lenny: (normal) רוגלעך פירושו "פיתולים קטנים" בשפת יידיש.
Brandon: Rugelach means "little twists" in the Yiddish language.
Lenny: (slow) רוגלעך פירושו "פיתולים קטנים" בשפת יידיש.
Brandon: Okay, what’s the next word?
Lenny: קרמבו
Brandon: chocolate-coated marshmallow treat
Lenny: (slow) קרמבו (regular) קרמבו
Brandon: Listeners, please repeat:
Lenny: קרמבו
[pause - 5 sec.]
Brandon:
The name literally means "cream in it" in Hebrew. It is a round biscuit base topped with a fluffy marshmallow creme-like foam and coated in a thin layer of chocolate. It is wrapped in thin aluminum foil.
Brandon: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Lenny: (normal) קרמבו ניתן למצוא בישראל רק בחודשי החורף.
Brandon: Krembo can be found In Israel only during the winter season.
Lenny: (slow) קרמבו ניתן למצוא בישראל רק בחודשי החורף.
Brandon: Okay, what’s the last word?
Lenny: עוגת דבש
Brandon: Honey cake
Lenny: (slow) עוגת דבש (regular) עוגת דבש
Brandon: Listeners, please repeat:
Lenny: עוגת דבש
[pause - 5 sec.]
Brandon:
Honey cake is also known as "Lekach". Traditionally, people ate this cake on New Year's day.
Brandon: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Lenny: (normal) עוגת דבש מכילה לפעמים אגוזים, צימוקים ושקדים.
Brandon: Sometimes honey cake contains nuts, raisins and almonds.
Lenny: (slow) עוגת דבש מכילה לפעמים אגוזים, צימוקים ושקדים.
QUIZ
Brandon: Okay listeners, are you ready to be quizzed on the words you just learned? Lenny will give you the Hebrew – please say the English meaning out loud! Are you ready?
Lenny: חלבה
[pause]Brandon: halva, a dense, sweet confection often made from nut butters
Lenny: פירות יבשים
[pause]Brandon: Dried Fruit
Lenny: רוגעלך
[pause]Brandon: yeast dough pastry filled with chocolate or cinnamon
Lenny: קרמבו
[pause]Brandon: chocolate-coated marshmallow treat
Lenny: עוגת דבש
[pause]Brandon: Honey Cake
Brandon: There you have it – five Sweets and desserts in Israel! We have more vocab lists available at HebrewPod101.com, so be sure to check them out. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Lenny: להתראות

18 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Do you like sweets and desserts? What's your favorite one?

Shelley
Sunday at 01:42 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Dear Dalya and Roi,

I too was frustrated in the early lessons by not being able to learn how to spell all the words that I didn't know. However, as you progress on the site, most of the words come up again, particulary in the vocabulary building section which I think is one of the bonus sections. By keeping the vocabulary short in each lesson, you are able to learn to spell some of the words and can progress without feeling overwhelmed. I have found that there is usually an additional ten words in each lesson that I need to look up. I never fully learn them, but the important ones will usually come up again. Good luck in your studies.

Hebrewpod101.com Verified
Friday at 09:26 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Dalya ,


Thanks for commenting!


I suggest you in this case to open a new doc (maybe Excell, maybe google sheets) in which you can copy-paste all the new words and sentences you wish to learn, maybe that'l be useful?


Yours,

Roi

Team Hebrewpod101.com

Dalya Hakimi
Wednesday at 08:22 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I need a way to add the vocabulary I just learned in the sentences, like nuts, raisens, contains, recommended, etc.

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 09:47 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Fatma Elias,


I'm glad I could help :wink:

For a feminine singular speaker we use חייבת - khayevet. This is yet another issue that has no rules - the feminine form of words... But the more you listen to Hebrew, the ending of the words will become intuitive - so don't worry :smile:


Sincerely,

Yaara

Team HebrewPod101.com

Fatma Elias
Friday at 12:19 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

שלום

תודה רבה

Was very helpful your explanation as usual

For a feminine singular speaker I assume we use חייבה ? For must?

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 09:56 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Shalom Fatma Elias,


Thank you for posting!

First of all - don't apologize! Asking questions is the best way to learn, and your questions are very clever!

Regarding the adjectives "מיובש" and "יבש :"יבש simply means "dry", as in "not wet" (for example: "is the floor dry yet?" - ?הרצפה כבר יבשה), while מיובש refers to something that has been dried, that the moisture was removed from it - more like "desiccated". For example: "I decorated the room with dried flowers" - קישטתי את החדר בפרחים מיובשים. These two adjectives are pretty similar, so in some cases they can both be used - like in "dried fruit / dry fruit". Interestingly, when referring to fruits, we usually say פירות יבשים, but when referring to a specific kind, we use מיובש (which is in fact more accurate) - משמשים מיובשים, בננות מיובשות etc.

Regarding בטח and חייב: They mean "must" in very different uses of the word. The word בֶּטַח is a colloquial adverb meaning "sure" or "for sure" as in "sure, I'll help you" (בטח, אני אעזור לך) or "he is late, something happened to him for sure" - which can also be said as "he is late, something *must* have happened to him" (הוא מאחר, בטח קרה לו משהו). The word חייב is an adjective meaning "obliged, required, must" as in "I must go now" (אני חייב ללכת עכשיו) or "he must finish his homework" (הוא חייב לסיים את שיעורי הבית).


I hope this answer was helpful :smile:


Sincerely,

Yaara

Team HebrewPod101.com

Fatma Elias
Thursday at 11:04 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Shalom

Sorry it is me again

I want to ask what is the difference between בטח and חייב

They both can mean must, are they interchangeable?

תודה רבה

Fatma Elias
Wednesday at 07:25 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Shalom

I want to ask for the adjective dried, is it מיובש or יבש?

In this lesson I see the translation for dried fruit is פירות יבשים

But in the lesson of the fruits I see the translation of dried fig is תאנה מיובשות

Is it מיובש or יבש for dried?

Iam still in the beginner stage!!!

Toda raba

Shelley
Sunday at 10:30 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

LOL.

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 06:38 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Shelley,


Exactly - אז is both "than" and "so", good observation!

I think you should visit Israel during Rosh Hashana and try more types of honey cake. I'm not giving up on you yet! :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye:


Sincerely,

Yaara

Team HebrewPod101.com