Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Intro

Brandon: Hi everyone, I’m Brandon.
Lenny: And I’m Lenny!
Brandon: And welcome to Culture Class: Essential Hebrew Vocabulary, Lesson 2! In this lesson you'll learn 5 essential words related to Food and Drink. These are five common foods in Israel. Hand picked. You can find a complete list of vocabulary at HebrewPod101.com
BODY
Brandon: Lenny, what’s our first word?
Lenny: חומוס
Brandon: Chick pea/hummus
Lenny: (slow) חומוס (regular) חומוס
Brandon: Listeners, please repeat:
Lenny: חומוס
[pause - 5 sec.]
Brandon:
Chickpeas are originally from Egypt. The most common way to serve them is to mash cooked Chick peas with lemon and olive oil to make hummus. Most Israelis like to eat it with Pita bread.
Brandon: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Lenny: (normal) צבע החומוס הוא כצבע החול.
Brandon: The chick pea’s color is like the color of the sand.
Lenny: (slow) צבע החומוס הוא כצבע החול.
Brandon: Okay, what’s the next word?
Lenny: טחינה
Brandon: Tahini, a paste made of sesame seeds
Lenny: (slow) טחינה (regular) טחינה
Brandon: Listeners, please repeat:
Lenny: טחינה
[pause - 5 sec.]
Brandon:
Tahini is a paste made of sesame seeds. You can eat this food alone, or with hummus and pita bread. Tahini is a very nutritious food as it is rich in protein, mono-unsaturated fatty acids, calcium and vitamins.
Brandon: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Lenny: (normal) טחינה עשויה משומשום.
Brandon: Tahini is made out of sesame.
Lenny: (slow) טחינה עשויה משומשום.
Brandon: Okay, what’s the next word?
Lenny: פלאפל
Brandon: Falafel, deep-fried chickpea balls
Lenny: (slow) פלאפל (regular) פלאפל
Brandon: Listeners, please repeat:
Lenny: פלאפל
[pause - 5 sec.]
Brandon:
The Falafel is a very common and cheap food in Israel. It’s mostly served in a Pita bread, with a chopped salad.
Brandon: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Lenny: (normal) פלאפל היא אמנם מנה טעימה, אך לא בריאה.
Brandon: Falafel might be tasty, but it’s not healthy.
Lenny: (slow) פלאפל היא אמנם מנה טעימה, אך לא בריאה.
Brandon: Okay, what’s the next word?
Lenny: מצה
Brandon: Matzah, unleavened bread for Passover
Lenny: (slow) מצה (regular) מצה
Brandon: Listeners, please repeat:
Lenny: מצה
[pause - 5 sec.]
Brandon:
Israelis eat Matzah on Passover. Matzah symbolizes the lack of time that the Jewish people had when they were preparing to leave Egypt during the period of slavery.
Brandon: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Lenny: (normal) בחג הפסח חל איסור על אכילת חמץ ולכן המצה הינה תחליף לחמץ.
Brandon: During Passover, it’s forbidden to eat leavened food. Matzah is a good replacement for leavened food.
Lenny: (slow) בחג הפסח חל איסור על אכילת חמץ ולכן המצה הינה תחליף לחמץ.
Brandon: Okay, what’s the last word?
Lenny: פיתה
Brandon: Pita, flat and round bread
Lenny: (slow) פיתה (regular) פיתה
Brandon: Listeners, please repeat:
Lenny: פיתה
[pause - 5 sec.]
Brandon:
Pita can be used as bread for a sandwich or as a side dish for Hummus and Tahini.
Brandon: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Lenny: (normal) לרוב, הפיתה עשויה מקמח לבן.
Brandon: Pita bread is usually made of white grain.
Lenny: (slow) לרוב, הפיתה עשויה מקמח לבן.
QUIZ
Brandon: Okay listeners, are you ready to be quizzed on the words you just learned? Lenny will give you the Hebrew – please say the English meaning out loud! Are you ready?
Lenny: חומוס
[pause]Brandon: Chick pea/hummus
Lenny: טחינה
[pause]Brandon: Tahini, a paste made of sesame seeds
Lenny: פלאפל
[pause]Brandon: Falafel, deep-fried chick pea balls
Lenny: מצה
[pause]Brandon: Matzah, unleavened bread for Passover
Lenny: פיתה
[pause]Brandon: Pita, flat and round bread

Outro

Brandon: There you have it – five Foods in Israel! We have more vocab lists available at HebrewPod101.com, so be sure to check them out. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Lenny: להתראות

10 Comments

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HebrewPod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
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What else do you know about Israeli cuisine?

HebrewPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 5:34 pm
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Hi Shelley,


You're very welcome :smile:


Sincerely,

Yaara

Team HebrewPod101.com

Shelley
Wednesday at 9:43 am
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Love your explanations-very enlightening! Thanks for your efforts explaining all of them to me.

HebrewPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 1:14 am
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Hi Shelley,


Good questions, I'll explain.

First, "Alei gefen" means "vine leaves". Gefen = vine. עלה (Alle) is "leaf", and עלֵי (Alei) is "leaves of-". This is a complicated subject (it has to do with the Smikhut, if you remember) so I wouldn't focus on it at the moment.

Regarding “oto”: Basically, your "gut feeling" was correct; However, "shipudim" is plural (singular is "shipud" - skewer), so it would have been "otam" ("them"). I replaced it with "ze" to make it more general (to say you don't remember if you like this type of food rather than those specific skewers), but "them" is perfectly fine.

Regarding “my favorite” / ”most like”: The phrase "אהוב עליי"/"אהובה עליי" must be definite - "האהוב עליי", and must refer to a known subject, like in these examples:

1. ?מה המאכל האהוב עלייך - what is your favorite food?

2. .בראד פיט הוא השחקן האהוב עליי - Brad Pitt is my favorite actor.

3. .זה החוף האהוב עליי - This is my favorite beach.

In your sentence, I assume you meant that Falafel is your favorite Israeli food so far (out of those you've tried). This is a lot to say, so it's simpler to replace it with "the one I liked the most" (than you don't need to specify - it implies).

All things considered, your sentence was very good!


Sincerely,

Yaara

Team HebrewPod101.com

Shelley
Friday at 10:19 am
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Oh my Gosh! I tried. It's a miracle that you understood!. Thanks for the encouragement. I understand most of the errors.

Why does Ali gefen have a yud at the end of Ali? Also why is "oto" incorrect at the end of the last sentence? Ehy did you change "my favorite" to " most like" Thanks in advance for your explanations.

HebrewPod101.comVerified
Thursday at 5:51 pm
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Hi Shelley,


Thank you for posting!

אני טעמתי שקשוקה רק עכשיו. היה טעים מאוד. אני אוהבת עלי גפן ממולאים באורז, אבל אני הכי אוהבת פלאפל. לפני הרבה זמן אכלתי שיפודים, אבל אני לא זוכרת אם אהבתי את זה

Nice! :thumbsup:


Sincerely,

Yaara

Team HebrewPod101.com

Shelley
Sunday at 7:49 am
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I just recently tasted Shakshuka. It was very tasty. I love stuffed rice in grape leaves, but my favorite is falafel. A long time ago, I tasted meat skewers, but I don't remember if I liked it.

אני אוהב אורז עלי גפן אבל אהובה עליי הוא פלאפל לפני הרבה זמן אני אכלתי שיפודים אבל אני לא זוכרת עם אני אוהבתי אותו . הייחי טעם מאוד אני טעמחי שקשוקה רק עכשב

HebrewPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 8:25 pm
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Hi Ruthie Arad,


Thank you for posting!

Excellent choices, stuffed grape leaves (עלי גפן) are one of my favorites as well (oh no, now I'm hungry).

You spelled שיפודים perfectly, you're just using an apostrophe instead of a Yod (י), and maybe it's an o instead of a ם ("shipudim") - but they are so similar, it's easy to confuse them.

Keep enjoying Hebrew (and Israeli food)!


Sincerely,

Yaara

Team HebrewPod101.com

Ruthie Arad
Sunday at 11:50 pm
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That comment was meant for another lesson...sorry!

Here are some of my favorite Israeli foods:


שקשוקה- shakshuka

צל' גפן- stuffed grape leaves

ש'פוד'ס- meat skewers

I spelled the last one wrong. How is it spelled?


Thanks- Ruthie

Ruthie Arad
Sunday at 10:52 pm
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תודה על צחוק יערה !