Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Jenny: Hi everyone, I’m Jenny.
Lenny: And I’m Lenny!
Jenny: And welcome to Culture Class: Essential Hebrew Vocabulary, Lesson 18! In this lesson you'll learn five essential words related to people and homes. These are five common things found in Jewish homes. Hand picked. You can find a complete list of vocabulary at HebrewPod101.com.

Lesson focus

Jenny: Lenny, what’s our first word?
Lenny: פמוטות
Jenny: candlestick
Lenny: (slow) פמוטות (regular) פמוטות
Jenny: Listeners, please repeat:
Lenny: פמוטות
[pause - 5 sec.]
Jenny: A candlestick is a holder for candles that’s usually made out of silver, brass, iron, or gold. In Jewish homes, two candlesticks can often be seen on display, as they are lit to mark the beginning of the Sabbath at sundown every Friday.
Jenny: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Lenny: (normal) נרות ופמוטות נמצאים בשימוש בטקסים דתיים שונים
Jenny: Candles and candlesticks are used in various religious ceremonies.
Lenny: (slow) נרות ופמוטות נמצאים בשימוש בטקסים דתיים שונים
Jenny: Okay, what’s the next word?
Lenny: חנוכייה
Jenny: Hanukkah menorah
Lenny: (slow) חנוכייה (regular) חנוכייה
Jenny: Listeners, please repeat:
Lenny: חנוכייה
[pause - 5 sec.]
Jenny: A Hanukkah menorah is a candlestick that has nine branches. It is lit during the eight-day holiday of Hanukkah. The ninth one, called the "shamash," or helper, is a candle used to light all the other candles.
Jenny: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Lenny: (normal) חנוכייה היא תשמיש מצווה יהודי
Jenny: The Hanukkah menorah is a Jewish religious object.
Lenny: (slow) חנוכייה היא תשמיש מצווה יהודי
Jenny: Okay, what’s the next word?
Lenny: מזוזה
Jenny: mezuzah
Lenny: (slow) מזוזה (regular) מזוזה
Jenny: Listeners, please repeat:
Lenny: מזוזה
[pause - 5 sec.]
Jenny: A mezuzah is a small piece of parchment with Jewish prayers placed inside a decorative case and hung on the side of a door entrance. Jews believe that a mezuzah is required to be on every doorway in the home, apart from bathrooms.
Jenny: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Lenny: (normal) בתוך המזוזה ישנו קלף.
Jenny: Inside the mezuzah there is a parchment.
Lenny: (slow) בתוך המזוזה ישנו קלף.
Jenny: Okay, what’s the next word?
Lenny: תנ "ך
Jenny: Tanakh
Lenny: (slow) תנ "ך (regular) תנ "ך
Jenny: Listeners, please repeat:
Lenny: תנ "ך
[pause - 5 sec.]
Jenny: The Tanakh can definitely be found in any Jewish home. Often passed on by each generation, these books are the canon of the Hebrew Bible, also known as the Masoretic Text or Miqra.
Jenny: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Lenny: (normal) ספרי התנ "ך הם העתיקים מבין כל הספרים המרכזיים ביהדות
Jenny: The first five books of the Bible are the oldest of all the major books of Judaism.
Lenny: (slow) ספרי התנ "ך הם העתיקים מבין כל הספרים המרכזיים ביהדות
Jenny: Okay, what’s the last word?
Lenny: ספר שורשים
Jenny: Roots book
Lenny: (slow) ספר שורשים (regular) ספר שורשים
Jenny: Listeners, please repeat:
Lenny: ספר שורשים
[pause - 5 sec.]
Jenny: A roots book is a project consisting of the construction of a family tree, family documentation, personal interviews with family members, photographs, and important objects.
Jenny: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Lenny: (normal) יהודים רואים חשיבות רבה בספר שורשים בעיקר בגלל ההיסטוריה של השואה
Jenny: Jews attach great importance to roots books, mainly because of the Holocaust history.
Lenny: (slow) יהודים רואים חשיבות רבה בספר שורשים בעיקר בגלל ההיסטוריה של השואה
QUIZ
Jenny: Okay listeners, are you ready to be quizzed on the words you just learned? Lenny will give you the Hebrew – please say the English meaning out loud! Are you ready?
Lenny: פמוטות
[pause]Jenny: candlestick
Lenny: חנוכייה
[pause]Jenny: Hanukkah menorah
Lenny: מזוזה
[pause]Jenny: mezuzah
Lenny: תנ "ך
[pause]Jenny: Tanakh
Lenny: ספר שורשים
[pause]Jenny: Roots book

Outro

Jenny: There you have it – five common things found in Israeli homes! We have more vocab lists available at HebrewPod101.com, so be sure to check them out. Thanks, everyone, see you next time!
Lenny: להתראות

16 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

What else are you expecting to find inside a Jewish home?

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 06:34 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Stana,


Thank you very much for this educated comment ❤️️👍


That's true and it is really impressive to me so many items are related to Jewish traditions and ceremonies...


Happy Shavu'ot and enjoy learning Hebrew!


Best,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

Stana
Friday at 09:40 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Shalom,

In jewish homes can also often found prayer books (siddur for weekdays and shabbat and machzor for yom tov), hand washing cups (for netilat yadaim), kippah, tallit and tefillin (for man during praying), kiddush cup, challah board and cover for the shabbat table, safe shabbat hotplate (to keep the food warm during shabbat), a havdalah set (with wine cup, havdalah candle and wessamin box (for end of shabbat when 3 stars come out)), zedaka box; seder plate, haggada, matzah plate and afikoman bag for pessach; different dishes (for daily food and meat (and often a third, chametz-free for pessach)), lulav for succot, shofar for yom kippur and rosh hashanah, dreidel for chanukkah, rashan and masks for purim, ketubah, jewish jewellary with magen David and israely flags for yom haatzmaut

HebrewPod101.com
Thursday at 11:18 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi sunil subba,


Thanks for commenting and for the positive feedback!


Keep up the good work, and enjoy learning Hebrew! 😄


Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

sunil subba
Friday at 03:05 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

very helpful to know the importance of jewish homes and the structure of the religion which permeates the homes of the families.

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 08:52 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Shelley,


I'm sure you will! I'm glad I could help :smile:


Sincerely,

Yaara

Team HebrewPod101.com

Shelley
Saturday at 08:25 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Thank you, Yaara. I think I understand most of it and will get it eventually.

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Monday at 12:46 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Shelley,


Well, it's a little confusing - מצויים (plural for מצוי) is an adjective, not a verb, so it doesn't have a past tense. The word נמצא (nim'tza), however, IS a verb, and it has a similar meaning. For נמצא, the past tense and present tense are the same, so at least there's one less thing to confuse us :sweat_smile:


Sincerely,

Yaara

Team HebrewPod101.com

Shelley
Monday at 09:47 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Thank you Yaara for the myriad of questions. I understand most of them, "matzuim" isn't that present tense? Wheras "matzo" is past, I think. So are you using the word found in the present tense as "are found?" I think that I was thinking of it in the past tense and I agree that it should be present.

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Monday at 12:12 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Shelley,


Well, that's a tough one - this sentence is so complicated and even poetic, that it could actually be phrased in so many different ways... I tried phrasing it in the most natural way possible, but my phrasing is definitely not the only correct one.

First of all, you were right not to pluralize "seder plates" and "Kiddush cups". It would have been fine if you did, but it wasn't necessary at all.

Regarding “THE most important" - the word הכי includes "the" in it; it means "the most". Another way to say that would be החשוב ביותר, and here you also have "the".

Regarding "important" - yes, it must agree with the number of objects, and also with the gender (האנשים).

Regarding the verb for "found": you weren't completely wrong; The word מצויים (plural for מצוי) would also fit here. It has a very similar meaning to נמצא, with some differences.

Regarding “their” - I removed it because it created some superfluousness, but it isn't a mistake.


Again, good job! :thumbsup:


Sincerely,

Yaara

Team HebrewPod101.com

Shelley
Tuesday at 11:30 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

lol Complicated and a lot of errors too! Better English would have been to pluralize seder plates and Kiddush cups, but I wasn't sure how to do it correctly. I wanted to say "THE most important-any way to say that? I see that important must be an adjective and has to agree with the number of objects, but maybe not the gender, Jewish Hearts and souls-Jewish must be plural with two yud's-you could say yudaiim-pardon the pun. I understand that I used the incorrect verb for found. You removed "their" Why? Thanks for your never-ending help.