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Lesson Transcript

Hi everybody! Idit here. Welcome to Ask a Teacher, where I’ll answer some of your most common Hebrew questions.
The question for this lesson is…
Is it true that Hebrew was a dead language for centuries?
Actually, Hebrew was never “dead;” it just ceased to be a spoken language. But let’s start from the beginning.
Historically, Hebrew is regarded as the language of the Israelites and their ancestors, and was a spoken language in the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah from about 1200 BCE. Hebrew had ceased to be an everyday spoken language somewhere between 200 and 400 CE, declining since the Bar Kokhba revolt. However, it survived into the medieval period as the language of Jewish liturgy, rabbinic literature and poetry. Since the Bible is written in Hebrew, all the Jewish people around the world could read and understand it.
In the 18th century, the Jewish community in Jerusalem was composed of Sephardic Jews who spoke Ladino or Arabic, and Ashkenazi Jews who spoke Yiddish. In order to communicate, they needed a common language, so they created the early version of spoken Hebrew. However, it still wasn’t a native language, but a basic way to communicate.
The literary Hebrew was renewed in Europe starting from the 18th century by a Jewish movement that decided Hebrew was deserving of fine literature. Hebrew writers of the time wanted to write essays, poems and novels, and to translate European literature and science books. However they realized it’s very hard to write about contemporary topics in a language that has been “frozen in time.” So, they had to find a way to update the language’s vocabulary.
Thus biblical language was combined with figures of speech and vocabulary from the Rabbinic literature, together with vocabulary and syntax found in European languages and Semitic languages such as Arabic and Aramaic.
Another important contribution to the Hebrew language was made in the 12th and 13th centuries by a Jewish family of rabbis who translated Jewish writings from Arabic to Hebrew. The Arabic language, which belongs to the same language family as Hebrew, made an important contribution to the revival of the language.
In the 19th century, Hebrew writers began arriving in Palestine, influencing the development of spoken Hebrew. Hebrew schools were built and Hebrew was used in public activities, and eventually became the language used by the Jewish population in Israel. This process was aided by many organizations that saw Hebrew as an ideological purpose.
Today, the spoken Hebrew in Israel is called “Israeli Hebrew” or “Modern Hebrew.”
How was this lesson? Pretty interesting right?
Do you have any more questions? Leave them in the comments below and I’ll try to answer them!
להתראות!
(lehitra’ot!)

9 Comments

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HebrewPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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What Hebrew learning question do you have?

HebrewPod101.com
Saturday at 05:27 PM
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Hi Krzysztof,


Thank you for your message.


These lessons mention Eliezer Ben Yehuda. Please check them out:

https://www.HebrewPod101.com/lesson/introduction-to-hebrew-1-introduction-to-hebrew/

https://www.HebrewPod101.com/lesson/absolute-beginner-questions-answered-by-your-hebrew-teacher-1-biblical-and-modern-hebrew/


In case of any questions, please don't hesitate to contact us.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team HebrewPod101.com

Krzysztof Salamon
Saturday at 07:36 AM
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Does anybody know in Israel ,who Eliezer ben Jehuda (Лейзер-Ицхок Перельман) was?😄. Why in this video he was not mentioned even once?

Regards,

Krzysztof


HebrewPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 01:45 PM
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Hi DR,


Thank you for sharing with us! Let us know if you have any questions.


Cheers,


Khanh.

Team HebrewPod101.com

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 01:44 PM
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Hi Shelley Goldenberg,


Thank you for your comment! Let us know if you have any questions.


Cheers,


Khanh.

Team HebrewPod101.com

DR
Tuesday at 11:13 PM
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Dictionary.com defines a dead language as a language that is no longer spoken. Other dictionaries refer to it as a language that has no native speakers. I don't think a frozen language appears in any linguistic terminology other than perhaps ideological.

Shelley Goldenberg
Wednesday at 07:45 AM
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Lol I got fooled by the "hay" at the end of the verb. Thank you, Roi.

Hebrewpod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 06:04 AM
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Hi Shelley,


Thanks for commenting and for sharing! ?


Great translation! one note - you wrote נהנה as a man would use, the female form is נהנית - nehenet.


Yours,

Roi

Team Hebrewpod101.com

Shelley Goldenberg
Monday at 09:21 AM
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I enjoyed this lesson although I also enjoy the others. נהניתי מהשיעור הזה למרות שאני גם נהנה מהאחרים