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Lesson Transcript

Hi everybody! Idit here. Welcome to Ask a Teacher, where I’ll answer some of your most common Hebrew questions.
The question for this lesson is…
How do you use the Hebrew preposition על (al)?
The Hebrew word על (al) has many uses. It can mean "on," "about," "of," "at," or "for" depending on the context.
Let’s go through some examples so you can learn how to use על (al) correctly.
First, let’s do some examples for when על (al) means “on”--
יש ארנק על השולחן
(yesh arnak al ha’shulħan) “There is a wallet on the table.”
התמונה תלויה על הקיר
(ha’tmuna tluya al ha’kir) “The picture is hanging on the wall.”
Here are some examples of the word על (al) when it means "about" or "of"--
אנחנו צריכים לדבר על זה
(anaħnu tzrikhim ledaber al ze) - “We need to talk about this.”
לא שמעתי על הסרט הזה
(lo shamati al ha’seret ha’ze) - “I haven’t heard about/of this movie.”
The word על (al) is also used as "at" to indicate a direction, like in this sentence--
תסתכלי על האיש הזה
(tistakli al ha’ish ha’ze) “Look at that man.”
It can also be used as "for" to indicate purpose or consideration--
תודה על המתנה
(toda al ha’matana) “Thank you for the present.”
הוא נענש על הפשע שביצע
(hu ne’enash al ha’pesha she’bitze’a) “He was punished for the crime he committed.”
The word על (al) can also be conjugated in a few ways, depending on the subject it's referring to. These conjugations are created by combining the preposition על (al) with a pronoun such as “I” or “you.”
These conjugations are needed in case the word על (al) is referring to a person not being mentioned by name. For example, if we said, “I’m thinking about him,” instead of “I’m thinking about Ben.” Likewise, it can also be conjugated for objects without explicitly stating them. For example, “The book is on it,” instead of “The book is on the shelf.” Here are a few examples for conjugations of the word על (al) --
סיפרתי לך עליה
(siparti lakh ale’ha) - “I told you about her.”
אין מקום על השולחן, יש עליו ספרים
(en makom al ha’shulħan, yesh alav sfarim) - “There is no room on the table, it has books on it.”
אתה יכול להסתכל על הרהיטים, אבל אל תישען עליהם
(ata yakhol le’histakel al ha’rahitim, aval al tisha’en alehem) - Literally, “You can look at the furniture, but don't lean on them.”
כל הקפה נשפך עליי
(kol ha’kafe nish’pakh alai) - “All the coffee was spilled on me.”
How was this lesson? Pretty interesting right?
Do you have any more questions? Leave them in the comments below and I’ll try to answer them!
להתראות!
(lehitra’ot!)

16 Comments

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HebrewPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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What Hebrew learning question do you have?

 

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 06:31 PM
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Hello Stephanie,


Thank you for your patience.

The issue is fixed.


We’re sorry for the inconvenience.

Sincerely,

Ali

Team HebrewPod101.com

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 05:46 PM
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Hi M.K,


Thank you for posting!

Yes, that’s fine! 😉

We would look forward to seeing your feedback about our website!


Cheers,

Lena

Team HebrewPod101.com

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:32 AM
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Hi sunil,


Thanks for your feedback and for posting your question!


It is very important to be aware of wether nouns are feminine or masculine, as most grammatical structures in Hebrew are determined according to the case of the noun we're describing (adjectives) or the noun that's performing an action (verbs).


I recommend you to always learn the case of the noun when you learn new ones.


Happy to assist,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Friday at 04:53 AM
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Hi Fariborz,


Thanks for posting your question!


The noun "pet" in Hebrew is "חיית מחמד" (khayat makhmad) which only has a feminine form. The word for puppy is either "גור" (gur) when it's masculine or "גורה" (gurah) when it's feminine.

Many nouns in Hebrew have both feminine and masculine forms, especially when talking about animals, professions and other entities that both sexes can be.


I hope that helps :)


Best,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 06:54 AM
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Shalom Carol,


Toda raba for your message! We hope you are enjoying our lessons!

If you have any questions, let us know. 😉


Kind regards,

Levente (לבנטה)

Team HebrewPod101.com

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 06:53 AM
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Shalom faye menczer ascher,


Toda raba for your message!


Are you an absolute beginner? If yes, I'd recommend you to check out our lesson series on the Hebrew alphabet at first, and then our pronunciation series. You can find these using the Lesson Library feature at: https://www.hebrewpod101.com/lesson-library/absolute-beginner. After finishing these, you can begin with one of our main Absolute Beginner series, for example the one you have just posted under. This is the most effective method: first the alphabet, then the pronunciation, and then gradually building up the grammar and corresponding vocabulary through dozens of interactive, short video and audio lessons. 😉


If you have any further questions, or you'd like to contact us on our official email, you can always drop us a message at contactus@HebrewPod101.com as well.


Kind regards,

Levente (לבנטה)

Team HebrewPod101.com

faye menczer ascher
Saturday at 01:16 AM
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Is there a way to ask questions about your program with a phone call or email? I am having difficulty getting back and forth between programs, knowing what programs are available and how to access them. Is there some type of list of all available? Suggestions on what to use when? I think your program is להיות לפנק but I am having difficulty using it most effectively.

sunil
Friday at 03:25 PM
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It seems its gonna take some time to ulitilise the al in different contexts as it has multiple uses.One thing is for sure that the lessons have to be learnt fast.Thanks.By the way is it allright not to be too aware of the masculine and feminine nouns as it gets quite confusing?

Fariborz
Friday at 05:19 AM
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Hi Yidit!


There are some nouns in Hebrew whose genders are not known, like מחמד (pet) or גור (puppy). When using these nouns in a sentence, should I use them with masculine verbs and adjectives or I should use them with feminine verbs and adjectives? Is there any grammatical rule on such nouns?


Thank you for your response!

Carol
Friday at 12:58 AM
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Thank you for the present is written backwards in Hebrew