Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Shira: Hello and welcome to HebrewPod101.com, Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 1 - Saying Hello in Hebrew. I'm your host, Shira.
Amir: Shalom, Ani Amir.
Shira: In this lesson, you will learn how to greet people in Hebrew.
Amir: The conversation takes place at the office.
Shira: It’s between two colleagues who work together daily.
Amir: Although this is an informal conversation, the same conversation could be used in a formal setting as well.
Shira: Let’s listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Female: שלום.
Male: שלום.
Female: מה שלומך?
Male: בסדר, תודה.
English Host: Let’s listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Male: שלום.
Shira: Hello.
Male: שלום.
Shira: Hello.
Male: מה שלומך?
Shira: How are you?
Male: בסדר, תודה.
Shira: Fine, thanks.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Amir: So, what cultural gem are we sharing with our listeners in this lesson?
Shira: I was thinking about office friendships.
Amir: The office can be a great place to make friends in Israel.
Shira: There is much less separation between your personal life and professional life like there is in other countries.
Amir: Work in Israel is very relationship oriented.
Shira: That means that although you are there to work, your relationship with your colleagues goes before work issues.
Amir: That’s right. Israelis value a warm and open workplace, more than they do efficiency or rules of the work place. Many colleagues share their break time together with a cup of coffee and conversation about their personal lives.
Shira: Others may meet up after work for a drink or dinner with the rest of their families.
Amir: Israelis are curious about each other and their families, so conversation in the work place may extend to discussions about home life or raising children.
Shira: That’s right! They are also curious about how much money you pay for rent or how much debt you have.
Amir: Yes, those are topics that are not considered off limits in Israel.
Shira: Actually, you may find it difficult to keep your private life to yourself sometimes!
Amir: That’s true, if you find yourself in an Israeli work environment, make sure that you take some time to get to know your colleagues, even if it’s a little outside your comfort zone.
Shira: They will appreciate that and they will hold you in higher esteem for it. Okay, now let’s go to the vocabulary for this lesson.
VOCAB LIST
Shira: First we have:
Amir: שלום [natural native speed]
Shira: Hello, goodbye or peace
Amir: שלום [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: שלום [natural native speed]
Shira: Next:
Amir: מה [natural native speed]
Shira : What
Amir: מה [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: מה [natural native speed]
Shira: Next:
Amir: שלומך [natural native speed]
Shira: Your peace or your condition
Amir: שלומך [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: שלומך [natural native speed]
Shira: Next:
Amir: בסדר [natural native speed]
Shira: Fine or in order
Amir: בסדר [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: בסדר [natural native speed]
Shira: And finally:
Amir: תודה [natural native speed]
Shira: Thanks
Amir: תודה [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: תודה [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Shira: Now let's take a closer look at the usage for some of these words and phrases from this lesson.
Amir: Let's start with the word שלום.
Shira: Shalom is a word that can have several meanings. The main meaning for Shalom is “peace,” but we also use it for both “hello” and “goodbye”.
Amir: You heard it used as “hello” in the lesson’s conversation. It can be used as “goodbye” in the same way.
Shira: Let’s give an example of the word shalom as “peace”.
Amir: Okay, what about ?מתי יהיה שלום
Shira: Great! That means "when will there be peace?"
Amir: The next word is בסדר.
Shira: בסדר is actually made up of two words, be- and seder.
Amir: Some words in Hebrew are attached to other words as prefixes. The be- in beseder is one of these.
Shira: Be- means “in” in this situation, but it can also mean “at” or “by”.
Amir: The rest of the phrase seder means order.
Shira: When you put these two words together, they mean, “in order”.
Amir: Be-seder is used to express the English words “fine” or “okay”.
Shira: You will use it and hear it used a lot in everyday conversation.
Amir: One of the most common phrases using this word is הכל בסדר! or “Everything is fine!”
Shira: Right, you can use this word when somebody asks you how you are. Or you can use it if you fall down and someone asks you if you're okay. Okay, let’s move on to the Grammar section.

Lesson focus

Shira: In this lesson, you will learn how to greet someone in Hebrew.
Amir: Alright, so for that, you can use Ma shlom’kha?
Shira: Exactly. This phrase is a little bit complicated for our first lesson in this series, and it is one that you'll use when you're talking to a single male, whether young or old. But bear with us, listeners, and we will break it down for you so you'll understand it really well!
Amir: What you are saying when you say ma shlom’kha is essentially, “how are you?”.
Shira: But what you are literally saying is, “what is your peace?” or “what is your condition?”.
Amir: The first word in the phrase is simple. Mah means “what”.
Shira: The second word in the phrase is where it starts to get a little more complicated. But you guys can handle it, right?
Amir: Of course they can!
Shira: So shlom’kha is broken down into two parts. The first part you already know, although you may not recognize it.
Amir: The first part is shalom, but you say it a little differently, shlom. I am sure that you remember from the beginning of the lesson that this means “peace”, as well as “hello" and “goodbye”.
Shira: In this context, it means “peace”. The second part of the word kha is a possessive suffix, which means “your”.
Amir: When you put it all together, it’s mah shlom’kha or “what’s your peace?”.
Shira: Better yet, “what’s your condition?”.
Amir: But don’t worry about the literal translation, it simply means, “how are you?”.
Shira: Like we said, all of that is fine if you are talking to one man or a boy, but what happens when you need to ask a girl how she is?
Amir: Then you would just need to change the ending of the second word, mah shlom’kha becomes mah shlomekh when you are talking to one girl.
Shira: And what happens when you want to ask more than one person how they are?
Amir: You change the ending again, but the ending depends on whether you are talking to all girls or guys and a mixed bunch of people.
Shira: When you are talking to guys or a mixed bunch of people, you would say, mah shlom’khem, changing the suffix of the word because of who you are talking to.
Amir: You would use this even if you are talking to a group of mostly girls and there is only one guy in the crowd.
Shira: And if you are talking to a group of all girls, you would say, mah shlom’chen.
Amir: But keep in mind that the feminine plural form is used much less often these days.
Shira: True, many people don’t bother to use this form. Instead, they will use the masculine plural form for all groups of people instead of bothering to think whether they are just talking to girls.
Amir: But you should learn this form anyway, because you will find these endings in other places in Hebrew, and you will need to know all four of these.
Shira: That’s right. So, let’s demonstrate how to use these endings for other words.
Amir: We’ll use the word, דוד, which is the word for “uncle.”
Shira: When you want to say “your uncle”, you add the same endings depending on who you are talking to, as demonstrated with shalom.
Amir: Masculine singular is,“דודך” Feminine singular is “דודך.”
Shira: Masculine plural is, “דודכם” and Feminine plural is “דודכן.” Okay, before we go, we want to make sure that you get a chance to practice our main phrase in all the forms we taught you.
Amir: So listen and repeat after me as I go through the four forms of how to say, “how are you” in Hebrew.
Shira: First is a masculine singular, please listen and repeat after Amir.
Amir: מה שלומך?
Shira: Feminine singular
Amir: מה שלומך?
Shira: Masculine plural
Amir: מה שלומכם?
Shira: Feminine plural
Amir: מה שלומכן?

Outro

Shira: Okay, so that’s it for this lesson. Thanks everyone!
Amir: After listening to this lesson, come and visit HebrewPod101.com and say hello to us in Hebrew!
Shira: Like our podcasts?
Amir: Then like our Facebook Page too!
Shira: Get lesson updates, our Hebrew Word of the Day and news on Facebook.
Amir: Just search for HebrewPod101.com and like our fan page
Shira: And if you like a lesson or series on HebrewPod101.com...
Amir: Please let us know...
Shira: ...by clicking the like button next to the lesson or series! See you next time!
Amir: Shalom!

559 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters.

user profile picture
HebrewPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi everyone!

How would you say "Hello" to your friends in Hebrew?

user profile picture
HebrewPod101.com
Friday at 8:16 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Charly,


Thanks for posting your question.


These dots are called "Dagesh" (or 'Dgeshim' in plural) and they are a grammatic component in Hebrew that's representing an emphasized letter. The most important thing to know regarding the dgeshim, is that there are 2 letters that change their sound when they appear with dagesh (ב turns from "v" to "b", כ turns from "kh" to "k"...), while the rest remain the same nowadays, but presumably had a difference in the past.

The rules of how to use them and when are unfortunately too complicated to explain at this point.


I hope that helps 😄


Yours,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com



user profile picture
Charly
Wednesday at 4:47 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi everyone,

i did find a few letters with a dot inside i can't understand.

For example שְּׁ or גַּ.

Why are these points there - what do they mean?

I hope, you can help.


Yours Charly

user profile picture
HebrewPod101.com
Tuesday at 10:31 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Charly,


Thanks for posting your question!


The niqqud is always under, over or inside letters. By "inside" I mean what you probably define as "left", as in this case: ךּ.


I'm not familiar with any online sources for handwritten Hebrew text... I suggest googling it, going to images and see what you find. From a quick search that I've done, I found many short texts that you can train with :)

Another option is to download a Hebrew text (in any form) and changing the font in the program into a Hebrew handwrite (can be downloaded as well).


I hope that helps!


Yours,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

user profile picture
Charly
Friday at 1:53 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi,

sorry i didnt read all comments, so maybe its an old question, but where do you write the niqqud in blockwriting and handwriting end chaf left or right side of the line? Im asking, because here are the lines on other side then in the print-font.

And by the way, where can i find more handwritten text. I think its easier to understand the system of handwriting in seeing more then one or two words written.


Yours

Charly

user profile picture
HebrewPod101.com
Thursday at 11:25 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Lourdes,


Thank you for studying with us!


Feel free to let us know if you have any questions.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team HebrewPod101.com

user profile picture
Lourdes
Thursday at 4:10 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

שולם

From México.

user profile picture
HebrewPod101.com
Wednesday at 8:17 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Immanuel,


Thank you for your positive feedback!


Please also check out our series "Hebrew Alphabet Made Easy":

https://www.hebrewpod101.com/lesson-library/hebrew-alphabet-made-easy-video/


In case of any questions, please feel free to contact us.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team HebrewPod101.com

user profile picture
Immanuel
Wednesday at 8:48 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Love this.

Very self explanatory.

Coming at it all.

I'd like to understand the alphabet system asap.

user profile picture
HebrewPod101.com
Wednesday at 7:46 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Babatoonday,


The romanization is the use of the Latin alphabet to transliterate Hebrew vocabulary/sentences. For example, you can check out the [Romanization] tab in the [Dialogue] section. 👍


Hope this helps! In case of any questions, please feel free to contact us.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team HebrewPod101.com

user profile picture
Babatoonday
Wednesday at 3:50 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Shalom, What does Romanization mean.