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Lesson Transcript

Jessi: Hello, and welcome to Hebrew Survival Phrases, brought to you by HebrewPod101.com. This course is designed to equip you with the language skills and knowledge to enable you to get the most out of your visit to Israel. You'll be surprised at how far a little Hebrew will go. Now, before we jump in, remember to stop by HebrewPod101.com and there you'll find the accompanying PDF and additional info in the post. If you stop by, be sure to leave us a comment!
Survival Phrases lesson 17 - Counting 10 - 100
Today, we're going to continue with counting as we cover numbers 11-100.
Let's just quickly review 0 to 10.
Please note that counting things in Hebrew can be a bit tricky as objects in Hebrew have gender.
First we will list the masculine form of the numbers, and then the feminine form.
Number
Male/Female
0
efes
1
echad/achat
2
shnayim/shtayim
3
shlosha/shalosh
4
arba'ah/arba
5
chamisha/chamesh
7
shiv'ah/sheva
8
shmona/shmone
9
tish'ah/tesha'
10
asara/eser
In Hebrew, counting from 11-20 is also quite straightforward, let's jump right in.
First we will list the masculine form of the numbers, and then the feminine form.
Number
Male/Female
11
achad asar/achat esreh
12
shneyim asar/shteyim esreh
13
shloshah asar/shlosh esreh
14
arba' asar/arba' esreh
15
chamishah asar/chamesh esreh
16
shishah asar/shesh esreh
17
shiv'ah asar/shva esreh
18
shmonah asar/shmoneh esreh
19
tish'ah asar/tsha' esreh
20
esrim
As you may have noticed, you just add Asar/esreh to the number you want to say. However, when counting from 11-19, the numbers before the Asar/esreh are slightly changed.
Now that we know how to do the complicated bit, let's move on to the simpler ones.
Number
30
shloshim
40
arbaim
50
chamishim
60
shishim
70
shivim
80
shmonim
90
tishim
Note that from 20 onward, you only need to add the word Ve, which in English mean "and," attached to a single number to form a combined dual number. And that the single number always follows the dual number (same as in English).
Let's try with "fifty-three." "Fifty" is Chamishim and Shlosha/shalosh is "three." Putting them together, we have Chamishim veshlosha/Chamishim veshalosh or "fifty-three." Please note that when we combine dual numbers with single numbers in Hebrew, we always add Ve before the single number, which in English means, "and." Therefore, Chamishim veshlosha in English is actually "fifty and three." Let’s break it down this word and hear it once again, Chamishim veshlosha.
Let's try now with double lucky number "seventy-seven." "Seventy" is Shivim and "seven" is Shiv'ah/Sheva. Put them together and you have Shivim veshiv'ah/Shivim vesheva. Let’s break it down this word and hear it once again, Shivim veshiv'ah/Shivim vesheva.
Finally, we have Meah.100.
To count from 100-119, you just need to add Ve to the 1-19 numbers that show after the Meah, thus making Meah ve.... And then add the units and the 1-19 numbers that you have just learned. In all the other numbers from 120 and forward, the Ve comes between the dual number and the single number. Thus, you don't need to use another Ve between the triple number and the dual number. Let's try with some examples.
110 - Meah veasara/Meah veeser
198 - Meah tishim veshmona/Meah tishim veshmone
Ok, to close out today's lessons, we would like you to practice what you have just learned. I’ll provide you with the English equivalent of the phrase and you’re responsible for shouting it out loud. You’ll have a few seconds before I give you the answer, so Behatzlacha! which means “Good luck!” in Hebrew.
“Zero” - efes.
“One” - achat/echad.
“Two” - shtaim/shnaim.
“Three” - shalosh/shlosha.
“Four” - arba/arbah.
“Five” - hamesh/hamisha.
“Six” - shesh/shisha.
“Seven” - sheva/shiva'a.
“Eight” - shmone/shmona.
“Nine” - tesha/thisha'a.
“Ten” - asara/eser.
“Twenty” - esrim.
“Thirty” - shloshim.
“Forty” - arbaim.
“Fifty” - hamishim.
“Sixty” - shishim.
“Seventy” - shiv'im.
“Eighty” - shmonim.
“Ninety” - tishim.
“Hundred” - mea.
Jessi: Alright! That's going to do it for today. Remember to stop by HebrewPod101.com and pick up the accompanying PDF. If you stop by, be sure to leave us a comment!

28 Comments

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HebrewPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Hi everyone!

Can you tell us your age in Hebrew?

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 04:50 AM
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Hi Tom,


Thanks for ocmmenting!


Yes, you are correct, number 6 is missing on the lesson notes.


I'm forwarding this for fixing.


Thanks again,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

Tom
Monday at 10:02 AM
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6 seems to be missing from the transcript.

Shelley
Wednesday at 12:39 AM
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Shalom, Roi, The pdf gives the transliteration for numbers 11-19 and says that there are some spelling changes to the numbers, but doesn't provide that in the Hebrew. Is there a lesson that does this? I see below that Maribel has requested some help, but I am still confused. Would you provide the Hebrew spelling of the masculine and feminine numbers from 11-19. I am assuming there are vowel changes and some letter changes.-Any way of pointing out those changes from the single digits? Thank you.

Am I correct in thinking that the decades are neutral, but once you add the digits, they must be gender specific such as 42 men and 42 women. The digits must reflect the gender of the noun that follows.

I also see that several people have requested the same fixes that havn't been done which simply continues the confusion.

Shelley
Tuesday at 12:46 PM
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Shalom Roi, In the audio the masculine is given first, so on number ten the print needs to be reversed under the dialogue. The audio gives number two for number one and doesn't do the masculine form for five. Please send to editing. Thank you. This is probably where I misunderstood which was the feminine ten and which the masculine.

Maribel Alvarez
Friday at 04:41 PM
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Thanks Roi again :-)

ארבעה-עשר masculine form. Ok, I understand and I know it's correct.

ארבע-עשרה femenine form. Ok, I understand.

But, we are using עשר (femenine) for a masculine construction and עשרה (masculine) for the femenine construction.

It's a peculiarity and an exception to the logical rule, and has nothing to do with pronunciation or dotting of hebrew/english keyboard, and I think the explanation about this particularity is missed and gives a great confution to the students.

Shelley Goldenberg
Friday at 11:17 AM
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Shalom Roi and Maribel, Is number ten incorrect ? The order seems reversed? Feminine should be first according to the pattern. Please send for editing if incorrect. Thanks.

Hebrewpod101.com Verified
Thursday at 06:17 AM
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Hi Maribel,


Thanks, I'm sorry about the confusion.


I think that it is coming from the fact that we are chatting, and using a Hebrew keyboard without dotting (vowling), so many things are easily missunderstood.


The pronounciation in the cases that you brought is different, and goes like this -


Masculine - 14 - Arba'a Asar ארבעה-עשר, 15 - Chamisha Asar - חמישה-עשר and so on.With the ending Asar.


Feminine - 14 - Arba Esre ארבע-עשרה , Chamesh Esre and so on... With the ending Es'Re.


I hope that would help, try as well to review the video keeping this new information in mind.


Yours,

Roi

Team Hebrewpod101.com

Maribel Alvarez
Wednesday at 04:26 PM
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Thanks a lot for your answer Roi, I understand that ending "ה" in numbers is masculine, I don't have problem with that. But I'm really sorry to say that your explanation is not helping me with my confusion.

In your example you say: עשרה is a masculine number and at the same time you say that חמש-עשרה is a femenine form. How can it be femenine if עשרה is masculine??

In the other hand, you also say עשר is the feminine, and in the example you say that חמישה-עשר is masculine. So, the same question is , how can it be masculine if עשר is femenine?

Hebrewpod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 08:27 PM
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Hi Maribel,


Thanks for posting!

Counting in Hebrew is tricky and many students have a hard time understanding and remembering the proper ways...


Unlike usually in Hebrew, the ending "ה" actually implies to the masculine form, and עשרה is a masculine number, while עשר is the feminine.


So, as in the example below, ארבעה-עשר is the masculine, and ארבע-עשרה is the feminine. same with the rest of the numbers - חמישה-עשר - (m) while חמש-עשרה - (f).


Hope it's clearer now.

Yours,

Roi

Team Hebrewpod101.com

Maribel Alvarez
Wednesday at 05:00 PM
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In the vocabulary examples, there's a mistake.The audio in this sentence (example for number two) doesn't correspond with the example written. Can you fix it?

יֵש לה שתי חתולות

the audio says shnai hatulim (masculine form)