Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
John: Adjectives That Describe People
John: Hi everyone, and welcome back to HebrewPod101.com. I'm John.
Katja: And I'm Katja!
John: This is Must-Know Hebrew Slang Words and Phrases, Season 1, Lesson 7. In this lesson, you'll learn adjectives that describe people.
John: These expressions are all used to describe people in an unflattering way.
SLANG EXPRESSIONS
John: The expressions you will be learning in this lesson are:
Katja: להיות טחון בכסף (lihiyot takhun be'kesef)
Katja: פראייר (frayer)
Katja: להיות פלצן (lihiyot faltsan)
Katja: להיות הזוי (lihiyot hazui)
John: Katja, what's our first expression?
Katja: להיות טחון בכסף (lihiyot takhun be'kesef)
John: literally meaning "be minced with money." But when it's used as a slang expression, it means "to be very rich."
Katja: [SLOW] להיות טחון בכסף [NORMAL] להיות טחון בכסף
John: Listeners, please repeat.
Katja: להיות טחון בכסף
[pause - 5 sec.]
John: Use this slang expression when you want to say someone is very rich, in a spoiled kind of way.
John: Now let's hear an example sentence.
Katja: [NORMAL] היא לא צריכה לדאוג יותר מידי. ההורים שלה טחונים בכסף. [SLOW] היא לא צריכה לדאוג יותר מידי. ההורים שלה טחונים בכסף.
John: "She doesn't have to worry too much. Her parents are very rich."
Katja: [NORMAL] היא לא צריכה לדאוג יותר מידי. ההורים שלה טחונים בכסף.
John: Okay, what's the next expression?
Katja: פראייר (frayer)
John: This word is originally from the German phrase, Freier or frau,
John: which, in German, means "a man courting a woman." In Hebrew, it's used to describe a naive person. It is also a very Israeli-mentality related word, as the last thing an Israeli person wants to be or be considered is a "sucker." So when it's used as a slang expression, it means "sucker."
Katja: [SLOW] פראייר [NORMAL] פראייר
John: Listeners, please repeat.
Katja: פראייר
[pause - 5 sec.]
John: Use this slang expression when you wish to describe a person who is easily cheated or used by others.
John: Now let's hear an example sentence.
Katja: [NORMAL] שילמת על זה מאה שקל? איזה פראייר. שם מוכרים את אותו הדבר בשלושים שקל. [SLOW] שילמת על זה מאה שקל? איזה פראייר. שם מוכרים את אותו הדבר בשלושים שקל.
John: "You paid one hundred shekels for this? You're a sucker. They sell the same thing over there for thirty shekels."
Katja: [NORMAL] שילמת על זה מאה שקל? איזה פראייר. שם מוכרים את אותו הדבר בשלושים שקל.
John: Okay, what's our next expression?
Katja: להיות פלצן (lihiyot faltsan)
John: literally meaning "to be a farter." But when it's used as a slang expression, it means "to be pompous."
Katja: [SLOW] להיות פלצן [NORMAL] להיות פלצן
John: Listeners, please repeat.
Katja: להיות פלצן
[pause - 5 sec.]
John: Use this slang expression when you want to describe someone as being full of themselves.
John: Now let's hear an example sentence.
Katja: [NORMAL] השכנה הזו כזו פלצנית. ממש בלתי נסבלת. [SLOW] השכנה הזו כזו פלצנית. ממש בלתי נסבלת.
John: "This neighbor is so pompous. It's really unbearable."
Katja: [NORMAL] השכנה הזו כזו פלצנית. ממש בלתי נסבלת.
John: Okay, what's the last expression?
Katja: להיות הזוי (lihiyot hazui)
John: literally meaning "to be delusional." But when it's used as a slang expression, it means "to be unrealistic or to be strange."
Katja: [SLOW] להיות הזוי [NORMAL] להיות הזוי
John: Listeners, please repeat.
Katja: להיות הזוי
[pause - 5 sec.]
John: Use this slang expression when you want to describe someone or something as unrealistic or strange.
John: Now let's hear an example sentence.
Katja: [NORMAL] כל היום הזה היה הזוי לגמרי, קרו לי כל כך הרבה דברים מוזרים. [SLOW] כל היום הזה היה הזוי לגמרי, קרו לי כל כך הרבה דברים מוזרים.
John: "This whole day was strange, so many weird things happened to me."
Katja: [NORMAL] כל היום הזה היה הזוי לגמרי, קרו לי כל כך הרבה דברים מוזרים.
QUIZ
John: Okay listeners, are you ready to be quizzed on the expressions you just learned? I will describe four situations, and you will choose the right expression to use in your reply. Are you ready?
John: If you’re at the market and just bought a kilo of strawberries for 50 shekels, and a couple of meters forward you see nicer and bigger strawberries sold for 30 shekels per kilo, you must feel like a…
[pause - 5 sec.]
Katja: פראייר
John: "sucker"
John: If your neighbor is driving a very expensive car, lives in a huge penthouse, wears expensive clothes and jewelries, it would not be absurd to assume that he…
[pause - 5 sec.]
Katja: להיות טחון בכסף
John: "to be very rich"
John: If your sister starts to believe in conspiracies, you can tell her that she’s...
[pause - 5 sec.]
Katja: להיות הזוי
John: "to be unrealistic or to be strange"
John: If you meet a person, and all he does is talk about himself and his possessions. You can say that they’re…
[pause - 5 sec.]
Katja: להיות פלצן
John: "to be pompous"

Outro

John: There you have it; you have mastered four Hebrew Slang Expressions! We have more vocab lists available at HebrewPod101.com so be sure to check them out. Thanks everyone, and see you next time!
Katja: lehitraot להתראות .

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Hi Listeners! Do you know any other related slang expression? Post them in the comments.