Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Sherah: Hi everyone, and welcome back to HebrewPod101.com. This is Intermediate Season 1 Lesson 23 - Getting to Where You Want to Go in Israel. Sherah here.
Amir: שלום I'm Amir.
Sherah: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to direct someone. The conversation takes place at Ella's apartment.
Amir: It's between Mrs. Alon and Daniel.
Sherah: The speakers are friends, so they’ll use informal Hebrew. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

גברת אלון: מתי אתה בא לבקר אותנו באילת? אלה באה בפסח.
דניאל: כן, היא אמרה שהיא תיסע בפסח. היא תהיה שם גם בחול המועד?
גברת אלון: כן, אנחנו מתגעגעים אליה, אז לא ניתן לה לבוא לפחות זמן.
דניאל: גם אני אבוא לכמה ימים, זה נשמע טוב. איך אני מגיע אליכם מפה?
גברת אלון: אתה יכול להגיע בטיסה, או שתיקח רכבת ואז תחליף לאוטובוס.
דניאל: איך מגיעים באוטובוס?
גברת אלון: קח רכבת עד לבאר שבע, ושם אתה צריך למצוא את תחנת האוטובוס ליד הקניון.
דניאל: כן, אני מכיר את תחנת האוטובוס בבאר שבע.
גברת אלון: מצוין. משם תעלה על אוטובוס לאילת. יש כמה, אבל כדאי לך להזמין כרטיס.
דניאל: חשוב לעשות את זה מראש, נכון? בטח בפסח האוטובוסים יהיו מפוצצים.
גברת אלון: נכון. אם אתה רוצה להגיע בטיסה, קח רכבת לתל אביב. יש טיסות לאילת משדה דוב. איזה יופי! נחכה לך!
Sherah: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Mrs. Alon: When are you coming to visit us in Eilat? Ella is coming during Passover.
Daniel: Yes, she said she’ll go during Passover. Will she be there all through ħol ha'mo'ed?
Mrs. Alon: Yes, we miss her, so we won't let her come for a shorter time.
Daniel: I'll also come for a few days, that sounds good. How do I get to you from here?
Mrs. Alon: You can get here by plane, or you can take a train and then a bus.
Daniel: How do I get there by bus?
Mrs. Alon: Take a train to Be'er Sheva, and there you need to find the bus station near the mall.
Daniel: Yes, I'm familiar with the bus station in Be'er Sheva.
Mrs. Alon: Excellent. From there you will take a bus to Eilat. There are a few, but you should reserve a ticket.
Daniel: It's important to do that ahead of time, right? Surely during Passover the buses will be packed.
Mrs. Alon: True. If you want to get here by plane, take a train to Tel Aviv. There are flights to Eilat from Sde-Dov. How wonderful! We'll be waiting for you!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Sherah: So Daniel will be heading home for Passover.
Amir: Yes, it’s a popular time of year for people to head home.
Sherah: It was mentioned in the conversation that it was a busy time to travel. Are there other busy times that should be avoided?
Amir: I would avoid buses on Sunday morning.
Sherah: Why Sunday morning?
Amir: Well, the Israel military mainly consists of 18-21 year old conscripts.
Sherah: Right, most people go into the army after high school.
Amir: So, these soldiers are often given weekend passes to leave the base and go home for the weekend.
Sherah: And this why the buses are crowded on Sundays.
Amir: Right. On Sunday mornings they all travel back, so the buses and the trains are usually so packed there’s no place to sit or stand.
Sherah: I can see why non-soldiers would want to travel at quieter times.
Amir: Yeah, I hate traveling on crowded buses.
Sherah: Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Sherah: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Amir: לבקר [natural native speed]
Sherah: to visit
Amir: לבקר[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: לבקר [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next we have..
Amir: חול המועד [natural native speed]
Sherah: the secular [non-holy] part of the holiday
Amir: חול המועד[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: חול המועד [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next we have..
Amir: להתגעגע [natural native speed]
Sherah: to miss, to long for
Amir: להתגעגע[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: להתגעגע [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next we have..
Amir: טיסה [natural native speed]
Sherah: flight
Amir: טיסה[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: טיסה [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next we have..
Amir: למצוא [natural native speed]
Sherah: to find
Amir: למצוא[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: למצוא [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next we have..
Amir: תחנת אוטובוס [natural native speed]
Sherah: bus stop
Amir: תחנת אוטובוס[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: תחנת אוטובוס [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next we have...
Amir: קניון [natural native speed]
Sherah: shopping center
Amir: קניון[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: קניון [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next we have...
Amir: חשוב [natural native speed]
Sherah: important
Amir: חשוב[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: חשוב [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next we have..
Amir: מראש [natural native speed]
Sherah: in advance
Amir: מראש[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: מראש [natural native speed]
Sherah: And last..
Amir: מפוצץ [natural native speed]
Sherah: bursting, packed
Amir: מפוצץ[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: מפוצץ [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Sherah: Let's have a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is..
Amir: להתגעגע
Sherah: meaning "to miss or to long for." What can you tell us about this?
Amir: It is an irregular verb because has four root letters. Most Hebrew verbs have three.
Sherah: And what’s the verb stem?
Amir: It’s Hitpa'el. Usually infinitive forms of Hitpa'el have the sound pattern eh-ee-ah-eh, but when the last root letter is Ayin (ע) or Ħet (ח), an extra vowel is added to the end of the the sound pattern, making it eh-ee-a-eh-a.
Sherah: What does it mean?
Amir: It doesn’t directly translate into English, but it means “to miss” while also meaning “longing for.”
Sherah: Can you give us an example using this word?
Amir: Sure. For example, you can say.. אני מתגעגע אליך.
Sherah: ..which means "I miss you." Okay, what's the next word?
Amir: מראש
Sherah: meaning "in advance." What can you tell us about this?
Amir: This is an adverb. It’s a set expression, so it doesn’t need to be conjugated.
Sherah: How do we use it?
Amir: A common use is to describe a favorable course of action.
Sherah: Like “It’s better to do it in advance?”
Amir: Yes. It’s often used in emails and letters to say “thank you in advance.”
Sherah: Can you give us an example using this word?
Amir: Sure. For example, you can say.. למה אתה מופתע? היא הזהירה אותך מראש.
Sherah: ... which means "why are you surprised? She warned you in advance." Okay, what's the next word?
Amir: מפוצץ
Sherah: meaning "bursting."
Amir: This is an adjective that means “bursting” or “packed,” if we’re talking about a place.
Sherah: Hebrew adjectives can be conjugated, to agree with subject, gender and number.
Amir: And מפוצץ is the same. It’s a slang expression to mean “very crowded” and “very full.”
Sherah: Can you use it if you are full and bursting from eating too much?
Amir: That’s a good example of it!
Sherah: Can you give us an example using this word?
Amir: Sure. For example, you can say.. מזל שהזמנו שולחן - המסעדה הייתה מפוצצת.
Sherah: .. which means "Lucky we ordered a table - the restaurant was packed." Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Sherah: In this lesson, you'll learn about giving instructions using the future tense. Amir, how do we do this?
Amir: Most active Hebrew verbs have an imperative form, but this is seen as being formal and isn’t used in everyday speech.
Sherah: So, how do we give instructions in Hebrew?
Amir: We can use the future tense.
Sherah: Is that true for every verb? Should we always use the future tense?
Amir: It’s not quite that easy! There are some imperative forms that are used in everyday speech.
Sherah: Can you give us an example?
Amir: Most of them are Pa’al verbs where the imperative is shorter than the future form, such as לנסוע.
Sherah: Meaning “to drive.” If you get confused or forget which ones can be used, is it okay to use the future tense?
Amir: Yes, the future tense can always be used as an imperative.
Sherah: A common use of the imperative is in giving directions. Let’s go through some handy words that will help.
Amir: Sure! First, is קח רכבת
Sherah: This means “take a train.”
Amir: Like in English, we use “take” a lot in directions. For example, לקחת ימינה
Sherah: “Take a right.”
Amir: Next is תחליף לאוטובוס
Sherah: “Change to a bus.” This infers that you were on a train first.
Amir: Right. To just say “change buses” we would say תחליף אוטובוס.
Sherah: How about phrases like “you can” or “you need”?
Amir: An example with “you can” is את יכולה ללכת ברגל.
Sherah: “You can walk.”
Amir: And “you need” - את צריכה לפנות ימינה.
Sherah: “You need to turn left.”
Amir: There are many more examples and vocabulary words in the lesson notes.
Sherah: So please take a look!

Outro

Sherah: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Amir: להתראות

3 Comments

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HebrewPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Let us know if you have any questions.

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Friday at 01:44 PM
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Hi Ollie,

for pronominal (possession) suffixes please check out this lesson:

https://www.hebrewpod101.com/lesson/lower-intermediate-12-do-you-need-a-new-israeli-passport/


Cheers,

Idit

Team Hebrewpod101.com

Ollie
Thursday at 02:27 PM
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Hey Roi, Can you point me to a lesson that deals with adding pronominal suffixes to nouns if indeed there is one, Thanks :)