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Lesson Transcript

Shalom, ani Yana! Welcome to Hebrewpod101.com’s Alef-Beit be-kalei kalut.
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Hebrew alphabet: the alef-beit!
In the last lesson we learned the sixth Hebrew letter 'vav' and three new niqqud.
Do you remember how to write David?
and uncle? What about electric water heater?....
In this lesson we will learn two new Hebrew letters.
So let’s move on with the seventh letter-ז- 'Zayin'. The sound is 'z'.
Let's write it in hand writing first-
Does it look familiar?
You might be reminded of the third letter 'Gimel' in hand writing.
Yes, you are right, they are the mirror images of each other. But don't get confused between them!
ג- faces this way.
ז- faces this way.
Ok, how about the print version?
Fortunately, this one will be hard to confuse with the print version of 'Gimel'-
ז
Even though they are pretty different in print, make sure you don’t write ז and ו in too similar a way.
Let’s see the difference
‘Vav' ו
'Zayin' ז
זבוּב
'zvuv'- is a fly in Hebrew.
ז
and in print-
ז
You can easily remember this word since the fly makes this sound "zzzzvvv"..
Let's move on. If you write (Zayin / 'ז) with a comma on the left side, it will sounds like 'zh' (as in the word "Collage").
First you write 'zayin' and then add the comma on the upper left side.
in print-
Usually the letter 'ז is used for foreign words like ז'קט- 'jaket'- a Jacket.
ז'וּרנל- 'jurnal'- a Journal, and so forth.
Now we move on to the eighth letter- ח-'Heit'.
This has the sound of 'h'. And it is written like this.
ח
for the hand writing, keep the corners round.
and in print-
ח
Almost the same, right?
Always the print version will have sharper corners than the hand writing version.
אָח- 'ah'- is Brother in Hebrew.
אָח
The pronunciation is important; try to pronounce it more glottaly- from your throat.
חָוָוה- 'hava'- is a farm.
חָוָוה
Here, the handwriting and the print versions are almost the same; Let’s write them:
חָוָוה
in Print-
חָוָוה
Now it's time for Yana's insight.
When writing Hebrew alef-beit always start from the top- both in the hand and the print writings.
In this lesson we studied two new Hebrew letters-
ז, ח
with the variation of 'ז.
Did you know that you have already mastered a third of the complete Hebrew Alef-Beit and the niqqud system?
Good job!
But how do you write good in Hebrew?
In the next lesson lesson we will learn this and two new letters plus one niqqud.
See you then!
Lehitraot!!

83 Comments

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HebrewPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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HebrewPod101.com Verified
Friday at 12:14 AM
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Hi Lukas,


Thanks for posting your question! 😄


Simply put, the 2 vavs are only used when writing without vowels (no niqqud). In such cases, in order to make sure that the Vav will be read correctly as a consonant and not a vowel, the Vav is doubled.


Another case where we use a double Vav is in foreign words, which have the sound "W". There, double vav does indicate a consonant, but since the words are from a non-Hebrew origin it doesn't create any confusion usually :)


I hope that clears it, please let us know in case you have any further questions 👍


Best,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

Lukas
Friday at 10:23 PM
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Hello!

I've already read the comments about chava, but I'm still confused about why exactly there are two vavs in this word. 😁

I hope you can help me. ^^


Best regards,

Lukas from Germany.

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 08:34 PM
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Hi M,


Thanks for posting!


This lesson is focusing on learning the letters ז and ח. On the next lessons, we will explain in detail how the nikkud vowels are called and function,


You are welcome to post in the relevant lessons if you'd still have any questions about this topic 👍


Best,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

M
Sunday at 01:49 AM
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I have a question. In this video what is the Niqqud called? All it states is how to pronounce it.

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Monday at 09:30 PM
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Hi Saeed Sefidgari,


Thanks for posting this very adequate reply, I hope I didn't create any confusion. 😅


Unfortunately, I can't say that any of these 3 phrases are 100% true. The 3rd one is closest to reality, though there is a certain freedom to it.

The most common rule to go by is to double the 'Vav' when it appears as a consonant in the middle of a word, but not when it appears at the beginning (meaning: "hope" ('tikva') is written "תקווה" while "rose" ('vered') is written "ורד").


That said, Hebrew doesn't always have one correct version when writing without vowels, and in some cases there might be more than one acceptable option.


The 2nd part of the sentence - "in all of the cases that we see double vav it is a consonant, whether its sound is "v" or "w"." - is true - or at least I couldn't find any examples to disprove it...


I hope that clears things out more. 👍


Happy to assist,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

Saeed Sefidgari
Monday at 04:35 AM
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You wrote to Pat, the 2nd person who wrote a comment, that doubling the Vav helps distinguish it from a vowel. Which of the following propositions about it is true?

1. In all cases that Vav is a consonant, we must double Vav.

2. In all cases that Vav is a consonant, we are allowed to double the Vav and allowed to write it singly.

3. We have no freedom in writing the Vav, as a consonant, singly or doubling it. We must memorize that which word has double Vav and which has the single Vav (Vav as a consonant) but in all of the cases that we see double vav it is a consonant, whether its sound is "v" or "w".

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 02:50 AM
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Hi Jewel Earnest,


Thanks for posting!


The lessons are working now on my side, could you try again? if it still doesn't work for you, there might be a local problem on your side... please let us know if the issue continues and we'll try to assist.


Best,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

Jewel Earnest
Friday at 08:04 AM
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Lesson on zayin and heit not working

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 10:08 PM
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Hi Pat,


Thanks for posting your question!


In words where the Vav is used as a consonant, doubling it helps distinguish it from a vowel. This is only happening when using Hebrew without Nikkud, where it can be sometimes unclear, as in this case - "חווה".


Another case where we use a double vav is for the sound "W" in words that have an English of foreign source. The name "Wendy", for example, will be written in Hebrew as "וונדי".


I hope that's clear, please let us know if you have any further questions 👍


Best,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

Pat
Monday at 01:22 PM
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Why are there two vavs in the word for farm? Do you ever use a dagesh to double it?