Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Sherah: Hi everyone, and welcome back to HebrewPod101.com. This is Beginner Season 1 Lesson 9 - Planning a Trip in Israel. Sherah Here.
Amir: שלום I'm Amir.
Sherah: In this lesson, you’ll learn how -ב is used as a preposition meaning “on”, “at” and “in” in English. The conversation takes place on the phone.
Amir: It's between Idan and Hadas
Sherah: The speakers are in a casual setting, so they’ll be using informal Hebrew. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

עידן: שלום הדס. זה עידן.
הדס: שלום עידן. מה קורה?
עידן: אני רוצה לעשות טיול בכינרת. את רוצה להצטרף?
הדס: כן. בכיף. מתי? בסוף שבוע?
עידן: כן, אני רוצה לצאת מוקדם בבוקר יום שישי. זה טוב לך?
הדס: כן, אין לי תוכניות ליום שישי.
עידן: יופי. את יכולה לפגוש אותי בתחנה המרכזית בעפולה בשש?
הדס: כן, אני אהיה שם.
עידן: טוב. נתראה ביום שיש.
הדס: נתראה.
Sherah: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
עידן: שלום הדס. זה עידן.
הדס: שלום עידן. מה קורה?
עידן: אני רוצה לעשות טיול בכינרת. את רוצה להצטרף?
הדס: כן. בכיף. מתי? בסוף שבוע?
עידן: כן, אני רוצה לצאת מוקדם בבוקר יום שישי. זה טוב לך?
הדס: כן, אין לי תוכניות ליום שישי.
עידן: יופי. את יכולה לפגוש אותי בתחנה המרכזית בעפולה בשש?
הדס: כן, אני אהיה שם.
עידן: טוב. נתראה ביום שיש.
הדס: נתראה.
Sherah: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Idan: Hello Hadas. This is Idan.
Hadas: Hello Idan. What's going on?
Idan: I want to take a trip to the Sea of ​​Galilee. Do you want to join?
Hadas: Yes. Happily. When? At the end of the week?
Idan: Yes, I want to get an early start Friday. Is that good for you?
Hadas: Yes, I don't have plans for Friday.
Idan: Great. Can you meet me at the bus station in Afula at six in the morning?
Hadas: Yes, I’ll be there.
Idan: Good. See you then.
Hadas: See you.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Sherah: The Sea of Galilee is called הכנרת in Hebrew.
Amir: It is the lowest freshwater lake on earth.
Sherah: That’s right - it’s 686 feet below sea level and in the summer it’s quite hot there because the elevation is so low..
Amir: Historically, the Sea of Galilee was a very important place, especially for travelers.
Sherah: And in the Bible it was mentioned many times in conjunction with Jesus and his life.
Amir: The largest city on the Sea of Galilee is Tiberias. Tiberias became a very important city when the Romans banned the Jews from Jerusalem.
Sherah: Today, the Sea of Galilee is a big tourist attraction for foreigners.
Amir: It’s also a great place for outdoor recreation for Israelis.
Sherah: Yes, and recently, many bicycle pass have been put in so you can ride all the way around the lake.
Amir: Another fun thing that happens at the Sea of Galilee every year is a very large swimming event where swimmers can cross the lake from shore to shore.
Sherah: That’s an open swimming event where you can swim 1.5 kilometers or 3.5 kilometers across the lake.
Amir: I even did it once when I was a child. They hold it every September.
Sherah: Sounds like fun! Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Sherah: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Amir: מה קורה [natural native speed]
Sherah: what’s happening
Amir: מה קורה[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: מה קורה [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next we have..
Amir: טיול [natural native speed]
Sherah: trip
Amir: טיול[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: טיול [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next we have..
Amir: כינרת [natural native speed]
Sherah: the Sea of Galilee
Amir: כינרת[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: כינרת [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next we have..
Amir: להצטרף [natural native speed]
Sherah: to join
Amir: להצטרף[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: להצטרף [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next we have..
Amir: בכיף [natural native speed]
Sherah: happily
Amir: בכיף[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: בכיף [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next we have..
Amir: לצאת [natural native speed]
Sherah: to go out
Amir: לצאת[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: לצאת [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next we have..
Amir: מוקדם [natural native speed]
Sherah: early
Amir: מוקדם[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: מוקדם [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next we have..
Amir: תוכנית [natural native speed]
Sherah: program
Amir: תוכנית[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: תוכנית [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next we have..
Amir: לפגוש [natural native speed]
Sherah: to meet
Amir: לפגוש[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: לפגוש [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next we have..
Amir: התחנה המרכזית [natural native speed]
Sherah: central bus station
Amir: התחנה המרכזית[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: התחנה המרכזית [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Sherah: Let's take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is..
Amir: טיול
Sherah: meaning "trip"
Sherah: טיול is Hebrew for “walk”, “journey” and “trip”.
Amir: It can also mean an “excursion” or “outing”.
Sherah: This can be used to describe an evening walk around the neighborhood which is a טיול בשכונה.
Amir: Or it could be a “hiking trip” which is a טיול בשטח.
Sherah: Or a work trip which is a טיול בעבודה.
Amir: Or even a trip around the world which is a טיול סביב העולם.
Sherah: Okay, what's the next word?
Amir: להצטרף
Sherah: meaning "to join"
Sherah: This verb is part of the reflexive verb group called התפעל
Amir: It’s irregular because the root letters aren't easily adapted to the התפעל verb form.
Sherah: It can be used with both people and things.
Amir: We saw the infinitive form in the dialogue.
Sherah: I think the best time to use it is when you hear that someone is going someplace fun or doing something fun. You can then ask them if you can join them.
Amir: You would say אפשר להצטרף?
Sherah: Can you give us an example using this word?
Amir: Sure. For example, you can say.. אתם רוצים להצטרף לטיול שלנו?
Sherah: .. which means "Do you want to join our outing?" Okay, now on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Sherah: In this lesson, you will learn to make a plan to meet for a trip with a friend. When you’re learning prepositions in Hebrew, you can’t draw a line between the Hebrew prepositions and a counterpart in English.
Amir: That’s right - certain prepositions used in Hebrew can mean different things in English.
Sherah: For example, the preposition -ב in Hebrew can be translated as “on”, “at”, “with”, “by” or even “in”.
Amir: This depends on the context and the verb it’s used with.
Sherah: The preposition -ב attaches to the word that follows it.
Amir: And when there’s a definite article in front of the noun, -ב combines with it and it becomes -ב (ba-)
Sherah: We saw this in the dialogue when Idan tells Hadas he wants to go on a trip to the Sea of Galilee.
Amir: He says אני רוצה לעשות טיול בכינרת
Sherah: בכינרת means “at the Sea of Galilee”. This answers the question “where?”
Amir: In the next line, Hadas asks בסוף השבוע
Sherah: Yes, she asks “on the weekend?” and this answers the question “when?”
Amir: The next sample from the dialogue also answers the question “when?”. Idan tells Hadas אני רוצה לצאת מוקדם בבוקר יום שישי
Sherah: Here the phrase בבוקר uses the preposition -ב and means “in the morning”.
Amir: The last sample phrase we want to talk about is when Hadas says בכיף.
Sherah: This means “happily” or “in fun”.
Amir: This demonstrates how using -ב can turn a noun into an adverb.
Sherah: Another commonly used example of this is the adverb בשמחה.
Amir: שמחה is a noun meaning “happiness” and when you add -ב to it, it becomes “happily”.
Sherah: Another adverb example is במהירות meaning “quickly”. Let’s hear some examples.
Amir: The first example is: הבית של שרה בתל אביב
Sherah: This means “Sara’s house is in Tel Aviv”.
Amir: The next example is: דורון עושה יום כיף בים.
Sherah: Meaning “Doron is having a fun day at the beach”.
Amir: The last example is: הבנות רוצות לאכול במסעדה.
Sherah: Which means “The girls want to eat at a restaurant”.

Outro

Sherah: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Amir: תודה

22 Comments

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HebrewPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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What would you like to do if you visit the Sea of Galilee?

HebrewPod101.com
Wednesday at 10:36 PM
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Hi קמילה,


Thanks for this commenting and sharing this experience !


Yes, the כנרת can be very crowded sometimes - one has to choose the right date & spot to maximize the fun there 😅


Well written! Just note that פעם is a feminine noun. (הפעם הזו)


Yours,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

קמילה
Friday at 10:49 PM
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בקרתי פעם אחת בים הכנרת, לפני כמה שנים... הכנרת היתה יפה, אבל מזג האוויר היה חם ולח מאוד. בנוסף לזה, היה גם יום שבת וגם ראמאדאן, ביחד, אז בטיבריה הכל היה סגור. 😭 אז אם אני אלך שוב לכנרת, הפעם הזה אני ארצה לבקר בעיר... כמובן, אני אלך ביום חול!

HebrewPod101.com
Wednesday at 11:42 PM
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Hi Matan Omansky,


Thanks for posting and for sharing your answer!


Please let us know in case you have any questions as well - we're here to assist :)


Yours,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

Matan Omansky
Tuesday at 12:11 AM
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Answer to the question posted on the website:

If I visited the Sea of Galilee, I would probably swim. I like to swim a lot.




HebrewPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 03:40 AM
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Hi David,


Thanks for posting and for sharing your question!


Well, as far as I know, there aren't rules for that, it depends on the context.

For example, "to walk around the building" will be "ללכת מסביב לבניין" (misaviv) while in order to say "to go around" one could say "ללכת סביב" - but this option is a little outdated and isn't in common use...

The best option here is: "להסתובב" (lehistovev) - literally means "to turn around", but used as "walking around".


Hope it's clearer now 😄

Yours,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

David
Wednesday at 03:37 PM
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When I visited Israel and people asked me what I wanted to do there, I told them "to travel around" using "misaviv." Finally someone told me "misaviv" was used for "looking around" but not "moving around."


Were they completely incorrect? This lesson uses the word for "a trip around the world." Thank you.


Aug. 29, 2018

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 03:58 PM
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Hi Maribel

I'm glad it's all clear now, and that it'll help you understand verbs better. Aren't verbs grand? ?


Cheers,

Idit

Team HebrewPod101.com

Maribel
Thursday at 07:29 PM
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Thanks again for your answer, Idit!

Your explanation makes a lot of sense for me and finally my doubts about verbs in the section "word of the day" have been solved with your help. ? From now on it will be easier for me. Thanks!!

(I'm still laughing imaging a dictionary with a laaarge section of words starting with ל, al of them, verbs ?? )

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 04:52 PM
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Hello Maribel,

Another good question.

The infinitive verb is, in Hebrew, merely a form of conjugation. It isn't the natural form of the verb.

When we teach or talk about or verbs, we always use the dictionary (natural) form. In Hebrew the dictionary form of verbs is ALWAYS: Singular, Male, Past tense.

This form is the simplest conjugation form, it is the easiest for finding the 3 or 4 letter 'root' of the verb, and it's the easiest to find the "Binyan" of the verb.


Imagine, if the dictionary had all the infinitive forms, how big the letter 'ל' will be compared to the other ones ?

By using the natural form (singular, male, past), we can find every verb in the dictionary by the first letter of the verbs' root, in this case, the letter 'ט'.


Hope this helps,

Idit

Team HebrewPod101.com.

Maribel
Tuesday at 11:05 PM
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Good morning! I have a question about Word of the day 2018-02-13.

The example is טילפן, traduced as "telephone" and considered it as a verb. But the verb is לטלפן, the infinitive form. If the word of the day is a verb, then the form for the example should be the infinitive. I don't know wich is the intention of using טילפן instead of the infinitive. I would appreciate very much an explanation.

thanks in advance.