Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Sherah: Hi everyone, and welcome back to HebrewPod101.com. This is Beginner Season 1 Lesson 17 - Going on a Shopping Spree in Israel. Sherah Here.
Amir: שלום I'm Amir.
Sherah: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to conjugate irregular verbs with a ה ending. The conversation takes place at a store.
Amir: It's between Vered and a cashier.
Sherah: The speakers are in a casual setting, so they’ll be using informal Hebrew. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
פקיד: שלום, זה הכל?
ורד: כן.
פקיד: בסדר. אני רואה שיש לך דבר אחד לא במבצע. את רוצה את זה?
ורד: לא, אני לא רוצה את זה.
פקיד: אז לפני המבצע של היום זה 500 שקלים.
ורד: ועם המבצע של 50 אחוז זה 250 שקלים.
נכון: ועם הכרטיס המועדון שלך זה עוד 20 אחוז.
ורד: באמת? אז זה 200 שקלים סך הכל! איזה מבצע!
Sherah: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
פקיד: שלום, זה הכל?
ורד: כן.
פקיד: בסדר. אני רואה שיש לך דבר אחד לא במבצע. את רוצה את זה?
ורד: לא, אני לא רוצה את זה.
פקיד: אז לפני המבצע של היום זה 500 שקלים.
ורד: ועם המבצע של 50 אחוז זה 250 שקלים.
נכון: ועם הכרטיס המועדון שלך זה עוד 20 אחוז.
ורד: באמת? אז זה 200 שקלים סך הכל! איזה מבצע!
Sherah: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Clerk: Hello, Is this everything?
Vered: Yes.
Clerk: Okay. I see you have one item which is not on sale. Do you still want it?
Vered: No, I don't want it.
Clerk: So, before today's sale price this is 500 shekels.
Vered: And with the sale of 50 percent it's 250 shekels.
Clerk: True. And with your club card it's another 20 percent off.
Vered: Really? So the total is 200 shekels! What a sale!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Sherah: It seems like everyday items like clothes and shoes are much more expensive in Israel, right Amir?
Amir: Well, when you take into account the salaries Israelis make versus the cost of living, the price of goods is relatively expensive.
Sherah: Still, despite how expensive things can be, I think Israel makes up for it with their huge sales.
Amir: There sure are some great sales, especially when there’s a holiday.
Sherah: Holiday sales are great in the fall and the spring, but the end-of-season sales are also great!
Amir: That’s true, most of the major clothing stores have an end-of-season or סוף עונה sale.
Sherah: During this time, you can get that season’s merchandise at a heavily reduced price.
Amir: Smart shoppers take advantage of these sales to stock up for the next year.
Sherah: You’ll hear many ads during this time talking about סוף עונה.
Amir: And this doesn’t just go for clothes and shoes...
Sherah: Right, you can also find big sales on electronics and housewares. Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Sherah: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Amir: דבר [natural native speed]
Sherah: item
Amir: דבר[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: דבר [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next we have..
Amir: מבצע [natural native speed]
Sherah: sale
Amir: מבצע[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: מבצע [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next we have..
Amir: לראות [natural native speed]
Sherah: to see
Amir: לראות[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: לראות [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next we have..
Amir: לפני [natural native speed]
Sherah: before
Amir: לפני[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: לפני [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next we have..
Amir: שקל [natural native speed]
Sherah: shekel
Amir: שקל[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: שקל [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next we have..
Amir: אחוז [natural native speed]
Sherah: percent
Amir: אחוז[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: אחוז [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next we have..
Amir: כרטיס מועדון [natural native speed]
Sherah: club card
Amir: כרטיס מועדון[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: כרטיס מועדון [natural native speed]
Sherah: Next we have..
Amir: סך הכול [natural native speed]
Sherah: in total
Amir: סך הכול[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Amir: סך הכול [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Sherah: Let's take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is..
Amir: מבצע
Sherah: meaning "sale"
Amir: מבצע has some pretty diverse meanings.
Sherah: Yes, besides “sale” or “special offer”, it can also mean “campaign” or “operation” if used in a military context.
Amir: Although, it can’t be used in a political context like the English word “campaign”.
Sherah: Most often, you’ll hear מבצע paired with the preposition -ב to become “on sale”
Amir: Right, this is במבצע.
Sherah: Can you give us an example using this word?
Amir: Sure. For example, you can say.. המבצע לא כולל הקולקציה החדשה
Sherah: ..which means "The sale doesn’t include the new collection."
Sherah: The next word is..
Amir: לצאת
Sherah: meaning "to go out"
Amir: לצאת also means “to come out”or “to exit”, “to leave” or “to depart”.
Sherah: That’s a lot of definitions! It’s a word you can use in many different situations.
Amir: It’s an irregular verb, so the conjugations are a little different from what you’d expect from the infinitive.
Sherah: The first root letter is missing in the infinitive. It’s yod. So in the present tense, the masculine singular conjugation is יוצא and the feminine singular is יוצאת.
Amir: The masculine plural is יוצאים and the feminine plural is יוצאות.
Sherah: There are many expressions using this verb, but one of my favorites is יצא לאור which means “was published". I like it because if you translate it literally, it means “came out to light”.
Amir: Another expression is יצא לפועל, meaning “was carried out” or “put into effect”.
Sherah: Can you give us an example using this לצאת?
Amir: Sure. For example, you can say.. הילדות יוצאות מבית הספר
Sherah: ..which means "The girls are coming out of the school." Okay, now onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Sherah: In this lesson you will learn how to discuss a discounted price with a cashier. Verbs in Hebrew are considered irregular when they have a weak letter as part of the root.
Amir: Weak letters can’t always hold the infinitive form of the verb, and so these verbs conjugate irregularly.
Sherah: Weak letters are letters that can act as either a vowel or a consonant, or they are guttural letters that cause a change in the vowel pattern.
Amir: This means that in the conjugations, the vowels may shift and change because of the weak letter, or the weak letter may disappear completely.
Sherah: There’s a large group of verbs with a heh or yod as the last letter of the three root letters.
Amir: These verbs form a group of irregular verbs called lamed-heh or lamed-yod verbs.
Sherah: Within their irregular verb group, these verbs are conjugated according to the same rules.
Amir: In Hebrew, lamed-heh or lamed-yod verbs are called גזרת ל”ה or גזרת ל”י.
Sherah: So, in this groups of irregular verbs, the last letter of the three root letters is heh or yod.
Amir: The root letter actually changes between yod and heh in the conjugations, but heh is often considered the last root letter.
Sherah: In some of the conjugations, this last root letter takes on an “ah” or “eh” vowel, followed by the letter heh.
Amir: In other conjugations, it takes on an “ee” vowel, and is then followed by a yod.
Sherah: You can identify lamed-heh verbs because they have an ות- or vav tav at the end of the infinitive.
Amir: In the dialogue, the clerk said אני רואה שיש לך דבר אחד לא במבצע.
Sherah: This means “I see you have one item which is not on sale”.
Amir: The lamed-heh verb from this sentence is רואה and its infinitive is לראות, meaning “to see”.
Sherah: רואה is the masculine singular form in the present tense.
Amir: The clerk is a man so he uses this form. The feminine singular form is רואה.
Sherah: The masculine plural form is רואים and the feminine plural is רואות.
Amir: The singular forms use heh at the end of the conjugation and the plural forms drops the third letter of the root completely.
Sherah: In the next sentence in the dialogue, the clerk goes on to use another lamed-heh verb when he asks her if she still wanted the item.
Amir: He says את עדיין רוצה את זה?
Sherah: Here, the lamed-heh verb is לרצות and it means “to want”.
Amir: לרצות follows the same pattern, the singular conjugations end in heh and in the plural, the third letter is dropped before adding the endings.
Sherah: The masculine singular is רוצה and the feminine singular is רוצה.
Amir: The masculine plural form is רוצים and the feminine plural form is רוצות.
Sherah: There are two other lamed-heh verbs we often use when talking about shopping, the verb לקנות meaning “to buy” and the verb לעלות meaning “to cost”.
Amir: These two verbs follow the same pattern as לרצות and לראות.
Sherah: Let’s end with some sample sentences using the verbs we’ve just talked about.
Amir: Okay, the first sentence is האחים רוצים גלידה
Sherah: “The siblings want ice cream.” The verb here is רוצים, which is לרצות in the masculine plural.
Amir: Next is האישה רואה את הנוף.
Sherah: “The woman sees the scenery.” The verb is רואה, which it is לראות in the feminine singular.
Amir: The last is אדם קונה מכונית.
Sherah: “Adam’s buying a car.” The verb is קונה, which is לקנות in the masculine singular.

Outro

Sherah: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Amir: תודה

28 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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What did you buy during the last sale season?

HebrewPod101.com
Wednesday at 05:01 PM
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Hi קמילה,


Thanks for commenting and sharing your work!


Well written! Just note that "נעליים" is a feminine noun, and therefore the correct phrase is "נעליים ישנות".


Best,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

קמילה
Tuesday at 02:30 AM
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אני שונאת לקנות בגדים! אז אני אף פעם לא קונה שום דבר. החברות שלי אוהבות לקנות נעליים, אבל אני שמחה אם הנעליים הישנים שלי. 😆

HebrewPod101.com
Tuesday at 03:53 AM
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Hi Matan Omansky,


Thanks for posting and sharing your work!


Well done! very good phrase. 👍👍


One word of advice - One could add the word "מסע" to "מסע הקניות" to translate "shopping tour" more closely and accurately, as "הקניות" alone is a little vague in Hebrew.


Yours,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com


Matan Omansky
Monday at 10:58 AM
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במהלך הקניות האחרונות שלי, קניתי בגדים

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 10:05 PM
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Hi Maribel,


Thank you for your message!


We include a limited number of words in the [Vocabulary] section, however, to check out more words/sentences, please use our Hebrew Dictionary (includes audio):

https://www.hebrewpod101.com/hebrew-dictionary/


You can also create your own Hebrew Custom Lists. Please check out this link for more information:

https://www.hebrewpod101.com/custom-lists/


We hope this helps! In case of any questions, please feel free to contact us.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team HebrewPod101.com

Maribel
Monday at 10:29 PM
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Good morning!

The word לצאתis not in the list of vocabulary, but it's explained as if it were :-(

Hebrewpod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 07:33 AM
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Hi Ollie,


Very happy to help! :smile:


However, your "thank you sentence" - עזרתך הכי קדמה is not valid Hebrew... better way is to say in Hebrew "אני מעריך את עזרתך" - I appreciate your help :)


Yours,

Roi

Team Hebrewpod101.com

Ollie
Monday at 09:37 AM
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!תודה רבה, עזרתך הכי קדמה

Hebrewpod101.com Verified
Sunday at 11:03 AM
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Hi Ollie,


Thanks for commenting!


Great question about the cakes... honestly - I don't know. To me - as a native speaker - it just sounds correct this way, but I can't describe any rule to follow unfortunately.


Smichut and construct state are similar - check out the WP ( under "Hebrew")

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Construct_state


Yours,

Roi

Team Hebrewpod101.com

Ollie
Sunday at 10:06 AM
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Upon review I have another question: What is the difference between Smichut and construct state words?