Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Shira: Hello and welcome to HebrewPod101.com’s Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 3 - Showing Appreciation in Hebrew. I’m your host, Shira.
Amir: And I’m Amir.
Shira: In this lesson, you will learn how to show appreciation in Hebrew.
Amir: The conversation takes place at a home.
Shira: It’s between two friends.
Amir: Although this is an informal conversation, the same conversation could be used in a formal setting as well.
Shira: Let’s listen to the conversation

Lesson conversation

A: ברוך הבא, כנס בבקשה.
B: תודה! הנה מתנה קטנה ממני. בבקשה.
A: תודה רבה!
B: בבקשה.
English Host: Let’s listen to the conversation with English translation.
A: ברוך הבא, כנס בבקשה.
Shira: Welcome. Come in, please.
B: תודה! הנה מתנה קטנה ממני. בבקשה.
Shira: Thank you! Here is a small gift from me. Please.
A: תודה רבה!
Shira: Many thanks!
B: בבקשה.
Shira: You’re welcome.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Shira: In this lesson, I thought we could talk about what to bring when visiting someone in Israel.
Amir: That’s a good idea! I think that could be important for our listeners to know.
Shira: Usually, when we visit someone in Israel, we bring flowers or wine.
Amir: Yeah, that’s quite traditional in Israel.
Shira: Another option would be to bring sweets.
Amir: The only issue with that is that you need to make sure the sweets are kosher if you’re going to someone who keeps a kosher household.
Shira: Very true. It’s important to watch out for things like that with both wine and sweets.
Amir: If you’re going to someone’s house where they do keep kosher, it might be a better idea to bring flowers instead.
Shira: Speaking of flowers, there are pretty normal thing to bring if you are visiting someone on a Friday night or Saturday.
Amir: And actually for that very reason, you’ll see people selling flowers at the side of the road at major intersections on Fridays and Saturdays.
Shira: It’s pretty convenient for people who forget to buy something before they head out!
Amir: It surely is. It must be for those of us who are very forgetful!
Shira: Just don’t go empty handed!
VOCAB LIST
Shira: Okay. Now let’s go to the vocabulary for this lesson. First we have:
Amir: ברוך [natural native speed]
Shira: Blessed.
Amir: ברוך [slowly - broken down by syllable]. ברוך [natural native speed]
Shira: Next:
Amir: הבא [natural native speed]
Shira: The arriver
Amir: הבא [slowly - broken down by syllable]. הבא [natural native speed]
Shira: Next:
Amir: בבקשה [natural native speed]
Shira: Please or you’re welcome.
Amir: בבקשה [slowly - broken down by syllable]. בבקשה [natural native speed]
Shira: Next:
Amir: הנה [natural native speed]
Shira: Here.
Amir: הנה [slowly - broken down by syllable]. הנה [natural native speed]
Shira: Next:
Amir: מתנה [natural native speed]
Shira: Present
Amir: מתנה [slowly - broken down by syllable]. מתנה [natural native speed]
Shira: Next:
Amir: קטנה [natural native speed]
Shira: Small
Amir: קטנה [slowly - broken down by syllable]. קטנה [natural native speed]
Shira: Next:
Amir: ממני [natural native speed]
Shira: From me
Amir: ממני [slowly - broken down by syllable]. ממני [natural native speed]
Shira: And last:
Amir: רבה [natural native speed]
Shira: Many
Amir: רבה [slowly - broken down by syllable]. רבה [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Shira: Let’s take a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Amir: Let’s start with the word ברוך.
Shira: Barukh means “blessed”. It’s used in the expression barukh ha-ba, which means “welcome”.
Amir: It’s more of a biblical expression, but it’s still used in everyday language.
Shira: The next word is the second part of that expression, הבא.
Amir: Ha-ba means something like the “arriver” or “the one that comes”.
Shira: Ha-ba is actually a verb that has been turned into noun.
Amir: That’s right, בא means “comes”, so when you stick a “the” or ה- in front of it, it becomes “the comer” or “the arriver”.
Shira: These two words together mean “blessed is the arriver” or just “welcome”.
Amir: Our next word is בבקשה and it means both “please” and “you’re welcome”.
Shira: And after that we have, קטנה or “small”.
Amir: This is the feminine form of this adjective. In Hebrew, there are four forms of each adjective: קטן, קטנה, קטנים,קטנות
Shira: The masculine singular form is the form that you will find in the dictionary.
Amir: In Hebrew, it’s important to remember that the adjective agrees both in gender and in number with the noun that it describes.
Amir: Our last word is רבה. It means “many” or “much” and it describes a feminine noun.
Shira: Okay, Amir, let’s move on to the grammar section of this lesson.

Lesson focus

Shira: In this lesson you will learn how to show appreciation in Hebrew.
Amir: To thank someone in Hebrew, we usually say תודה רבה.
Shira: We already learned תודה in our first lesson. רבה means “many” as we just learned.
Amir: So, here you’re saying “many thanks” תודה רבה.
Shira: This phrase is made up of a noun and an adjective. An important part of Hebrew grammar is noun and adjective agreement.
Amir: Each noun has a gender and can be used in the singular or plural form.
Shira: So the adjective that goes with the noun must agree with it in gender and in number.
Amir: In our phrase, תודה רבה todah is feminine, so the adjective, rabah, must be feminine as well.
Shira: We taught you the feminine form in the beginning this time to make things easier for you.
Amir: Right, rabah is the feminine form and agrees already with todah. The base form is rav, and this is the masculine, singular form of the word.
Shira: You will also notice that the letter that is “b” in the feminine form is “v” in the masculine form.
Amir: There are a few letters in Hebrew that change sound a bit, depending on form of the word.
Shira: The last thing that we want to point out about this phrase is that the adjective comes after the noun.
Amir: This is quite different from English, where the adjective usually comes before the noun.
Shira: We want you to pick up this concept of adjectives changing according to the gender and number of the noun, so we’re going to give you examples of all four versions of rav with appropriate nouns. Let’s start with the masculine singular.
Amir: כאב רב
Shira: Ke’ev rav means “much pain”. Ke’ev is pain and it’s a masculine noun. So now let’s do feminine singular.
Amir: אהבה רבה
Shira: “Much love.” And now masculine plural.
Amir: כלבים רבים
Shira: “Many dogs.” The last example is feminine plural.
Amir: ילדות רבות
Shira: “Many girls.” That should give you a better idea of how the adjective changes according to the noun. Let’s talk about how you respond when someone says תודה רבה in Hebrew.
Amir: You would normally respond by saying בבקשה meaning “you’re welcome”.
Shira: This doesn't just mean “you’re welcome”. It also means “please”.
Amir: Yes, and it can actually mean “be my guest” as well.
Shira: We have some examples for all three of these meanings. Let’s start with “please”
Amir: אפשר לשבת בבקשה?
Shira: “Is it possible to sit, please?” And now “you’re welcome”
Amir: אין בעיה, בבקשה.
Shira: No problem. You’re welcome. And the last one is בבקשה as “be my guest.
Amir: הנה, בבקשה.
Shira: Here, be my guest.
Amir: That’s a pretty versatile word, isn't it?
Shira: It really is!

Outro

Shira: Okay. That’s it for this lesson, everyone.
Amir: After listening to this lesson, why not visit HebrewPod101.com and practice your Hebrew with us!

79 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Hi, everyone!

Now we can be guests in a Hebrew house.

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Friday at 07:06 PM
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Hi Megi Scott,


Thanks for posting and sharing your question!


Well, you got some of it right, and you confused the rest 😅😅 allow me to explain -


It is true that "רבה" is referring to a feminine object, but in this case, "רבה" is describing the "thanking" itself - not the person it is said to. For this reason, we can say "תודה רבה" to every person (or group of people) regardless of gender.


I hope that's clearer now 😄 Please let us know if you have any further questions 👍


Best,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

Megi Scott
Friday at 08:57 AM
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Shalom! Ani have a question.


"Todah rabah" is saying "many thanks" to achat woman, ken?


These adjectives change based upon the number of individuals (and what type of individuals) ani speaking to. Is that correct?


If ani were speaking to a mixed group of men and women, thanking them as a whole, I would say, "todah rabim", correct?


Todah!


-Megi

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 01:54 AM
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Hi Klaas Waterlander and Jeshua Ting,


Thanks for posting!


@Jeshua - you can ignore this part. This lesson was one of a few that were open for the wide public and the ending is meant for people who watched (or heard) it outside our website.


Keep up the good work and enjoy learning Hebrew!


Best,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

Jeshua Ting
Saturday at 01:16 PM
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How do you mean visit Hebrewpod101.com and practise with you? I am on here and learning the lessons one chapter at a time... not sure what you mean to visit and practise? Please direct me to specific link or section to do that?

Jesse Ting
Saturday at 01:16 PM
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How do you mean visit Hebrewpod101.com and practise with you? I am on here and learning the lessons one chapter at a time... not sure what you mean to visit and practise? Please direct me to specific link or section to do that?

Klaas Waterlander
Wednesday at 05:00 PM
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biblical hebrew gets one a long way into this stuf. and being lefthanded is a positive trait in writing.

HebrewPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 01:11 AM
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Hi Leanne Marie Turner,


Thanks for posting and for the great feedback! We're so very glad to hear that you enjoy learning with us ❤️️😄😄


"Toda raba" (תודה רבה) is the most common way to say "thank you very much". Other ways are "המון תודה" (hamon toda) which is rather modern and slangy, or "רב תודות" (rav todot) which is a somewhat old fashioned.


Happy to assist :)

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

Leanne Marie Turner
Tuesday at 03:04 AM
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Hi,


thanks for an amazing lesson once again. I was wondering about the phrase many thanks. Do some people shorten it in speech to "todah ba" or am i just miss-hearing them? Or does that mean something else. Just asking because i thought id been hearing this version on Israeli tv programmes.

HebrewPod101.com
Thursday at 02:34 AM
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Hi Azza,


Thanks for posting!


This is a good question that I honestly never considered. The different inflections of the preposition "from" ("מן") in Hebrew are among the most complicated and odd that can be found in Hebrew. We can't get into the theory here, but just to clarify - there is no repetition here. "מני" has no existence without the first "מ" and it is eventually an independent single word that means "from me".


Please note the correction to the words below:

from me ממני from us ממנו or "מאתנו"

from you (s.m) ממך from you (s.f) ממך

from you (p.m) מכם from you (p.f) מכן

from him ממנו from her ממנה

from them (m) מהם from them (f) מהן


Happy to assist :)

Best,

Roi

Team HebrewPod101.com

Azza
Friday at 03:48 AM
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Hello,

Thank you for the lesson and for all your efforts. I have two questions regarding the preposition with the suffix (ממני):

1. Why is מן repeated twice ? (from +from me). Can מני be used on its own?

2. How can we use the same preposition with other pronouns, appreciate if you can correct the below:


from me ממני from us ממננו

from you (s.m) ממנך from you (s.f) ממנך

from you (p.m) ממנכם from you (p.f) ממנכן

from him ממנו from her ממנה

from them (m) ממנהם from them (f) ממנהן


Many thanks,